Hubbard Database - Page 3
(4)  A legal summary prepared at my request by Evelyn Hansen-Davis, an attorney, in 2006, of
the legal aspects outlined in a three part article on the story of Anthony Van Salee and his
neighbors in Gravesend during the mid 1600's, written by Hazel Van Dyke Roberts, PHD.  
This article follows the summary.
Summary of legal events described in Hazel Van
Salee article about Anthony Van Salee:

Anthony Jansen Van Salee bought land from Indians in the Long Island area.  Permission
of the West India Company may have been required for this purchase from Indians.  
Anthony Jansen Van Salee acquired No. 26 in Gravesend, a farm parcel, prior this

Anthony Jansen of Vaes and William Bredenbent, with their neighbors at Gravesend
were summoned to produce proof each was the owner of the land he claimed.  The
matter was postponed.  The dispute was over a meadow where Jansen grazed cattle.  
The town of Gravesend claimed ownership of the meadow.

Governor Stuyvesant wrote to Lady Moody that he had appointed commissioners to
settle the boundary dispute between the town of Gravesend, Anthony Jansen, Coney
Island, and the land formerly in the possession of Robert Pennoyer.  Nothing was
resolved.  Presumably the commissioners either took no action or could not agree.

Anthony Jansen from Sallee served the magistrates of Gravesend with a complaint
requesting a restraining order to stop the town fencing off his land from him.

In the case of Anthony Jansen, Robert “Pinoyer” and other parties vs. the town of
Gravesend for trespass judgement was granted in favor of   Anthony Jansen, Robert
“Pinoyer” and other parties.  But the case did not end.

Anthony Jansen filed a complaint alleging that the town of Gravesend had driven cattle
off his land.

Notice was given that commissioners would determine the bounds between Anthony
Jansen Van Salle and the town of Gravesend.  The commissioner reported that Anthony
Jansen Van Salle claimed more land than he could document.  The next day Jansen was
ordered to have his land surveyed within 8 days, with markers being placed.  Then he
and the town would know where the boundaries lie.  It appears the survey was
completed.  This did not end the dispute

Jansen sent a message to the Governor and Council that an armed party had impounded
24 of his cattle grazing within his boundary at a point east of his house.  That same day
the magistrates of Gravesend were ordered, presumably by the Governor, the Council, or
both, to return the cattle and file suit against Jansen for trespass if that was their
contention.  The town presumably returned the cattle and did file suit.

The case of the town of Gravesend vs. Jansen was decided on favor of Jansen.  The
town accepted this.  Jacques Corteljow was to have surveyed the lands of Jensen,
Pennoyer, and Bredenbent that adjoined Gravesend.  This seems to have finally settled
the case.

During the next year the Dutch and the English in the area were not getting on well, and
the Dutch, fearing the town of Gravesend would not protect them if necessary,
established a new town of New Urecht and a deed to the land for the town was issued

08/27/1657.  This new town also adjoined Jansen’s land, and the problems recommenced.
Jacob van Corlear, one of the leaders of New Urecht, filed a petition in court stating that
Jansen did not hold proper title to the land purchased from the Indians because he did not
have the permission required to make the purchase, that the meadow in question
belonged to the town, and that Jansen could not graze his livestock in this meadow.  The
decision directed the Fiscal (Attorney General) to tell Jansen to keep his livestock out of
the meadow, and if Jansen still claimed a right to the meadow he should make that
known to the Director General and the Council.  The Fiscal was also directed to impound
all cattle and hogs found in the meadow.
Jansen had little chance of winning.  The Fiscal of New Netherland, Nicasius de Sille,
was very influential and a founder of New Urecht.

Jansen presented his petition for favorable treatment to the Governor and his Council, of
which de Sille was a member.  In the petition Jansen stated that he bought the meadow
from Indians 06/26/1651, and that the meadow was later granted to the new village on
New Urecht.  Jansen asked that the part of the meadow near his house be given to him.  
The decision, made on the same day, was that the petition be decided by the people of
New Urecht, and if it be determined that giving the whole meadow to New Urecht meant
Jansen had no meadow for making hay, then some of the meadow should be given to
Jansen as to others.  That appears to have ended the matter.  Later, when the town lands
were distributed Jansen, with the original heirs of the grantee of New Urecht, each
received two shares.  Other proprietors received one share each.
Anthony Janse van Salee, and van Vaes of New
Amsterdam and Long Island


ANTHONY JANSE VAN SALEE is a unique and most interesting, and a not
unimportant, figure in the early history of New Amsterdam. The form of his name
indicates that his father, probably a Hollander, was named Jan, and the local designations
"Van Salee" and "Van Vaes" indicate that he had lived at these towns in Morocco
sufficiently long for them to be regarded as his home. These clues have led to much
speculation as to his history, and to a considerable amount of careful investigation in the
Dutch and French records relating to North Africa.

The late Hon. Teunis G. Bergen, founder and first president of the Long Island Historical
Society, compiler of a Register of the Early Settlers of Kings County (Brooklyn, New
York, 1883), and a member of Congress, declared in a letter dated at New Utrecht,
February 11, 1851, and published in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle his belief that evidence as
to the place of birth and the parentage of Anthony Janse van Salee might be found in a
Dutch book published in 1715 dealing with the maritime career of Claes G. Compaan and
his companion and later rival, Jan Jansen van Haarlem, both sea rovers. He said that
Anthony was undoubtedly of mixed descent, and that when young, he had been subject
to the Mohammedan faith sufficiently to give rise to the several instances of his being
referred to (erroneously) in records as a "Turk," and to the designation of his farm on
Long Island as the "Turk's Plantation." There was also very early a family of the name
"Turk" (Turck) in New Amsterdam, with which our Anthony is not connected.

A copy of the book having to do with Claes G. Compaan, referred to by Dr. Bergen, is to
be found in the New York Public Library. Its title is Historisch Verhael Aller Ghederck
Waerdigher Gheschiedenissen die hier en daer in Europa, als Duytslant, Vranckenrijck,
Enghelant, Spaenjen, Hungarijen, Polen, Sevenberghen, Sweeden, Walachien,
Moldavien, Turckijen, Switzerlant, Barbarijen, en Nederlant, Voorgevallen syn, by
Nicholaes van Wassenaer. It is in twenty-three volumes.

This remarkable work gives in sufficient detail the career of Jan Janse of Haarlem, who
turned buccaneer and became Admiral of the fleet of Muley Zidan, Sultan of Morocco,
and who married, secondly, a lady of the Mohammedan faith, to make it evident that
Anthony Jansen van Salee might have been his son, born at Salee in Morocco, where Jan
Jansen made his headquarters.

The records of New Amsterdam and of Long Island reveal personal characteristics of
Anthony Jansen van Salee in harmony with such a theory as to his origin. Further
evidence bearing on Jan Jansen's remarkable career, and upon Anthony van Salee's
possible origin may be found in the publication issued by the Dutch Government in 1910
under the title Bronnen tot de Geschiedenis van den Levantschen Handel. The work is
edited by Dr. K. Heeringa; the title means "Sources for the history of the Levantine
trade." References that show that Jan Jansen was at Salee at various times between 1600
and 1630, and five references to an Anthony Janse at Salee in 1623-1624, will be found
in Comte Henry de Castries' Les sources inedites de l'histoire du Maroc.

We now give our attention to the records concerning the life of Anthony Jansen van
Salee in the New Netherland, and to the records of his descendants.

There is good evidence that Anthony Janse van Salee brought to New Amsterdam with
him a copy of the Koran. The late Robert Bayles, president of the Market and Fulton
National Bank of New York City, a descendant through the Van Sicklen and Gulick
families, compiled an account of some of his ancestors, now in the New York Public
Library, in which he wrote:

Fernandus van Sicklen, the father-in-law of Johannes Gulick, was the son of Fernandus
van Sicklen, the emigrant, whose wife Eva was the daughter of Anthony Jansen van
Salee, who, before coming to this country, lived for a time at Salee or Fez, a seaport
town under the Turkish rule on the coast of Africa, at that time said to be a resort for
pirate vessels. Anthony Jansen van Salee was known at Gravesend as "The Turk" and
the farm on which he lived was referred to in the records of Gravesend as "Turk's

A few years since (about 1886) at a sale of the household goods of Joachim Rule, a
descendant of Joachim Gulick, a lot of old books was sold for a trifling sum, one of
which attracted the buyer's attention by the strange characters it contained. On submitting
it for examination to an expert it was declared to be the Koran in the Arabic language and
of quite an old date. At the same time a small brass pan of peculiar and unusual pattern
was also sold, which is now in the possession of the writer. A member of the family,
Catherine Gulick, then over eighty years of age, stated at the time that the pan and book,
with a copper teakettle, had kept company for many years as family relics and were
supposed to have been brought to the New Netherlands by an early emigrant, one of her
ancestors. A tradition (for a long time unexplained) to the effect that one of the ancestors
of the Johannes Gulick family was a Turk seems now to be accounted for by the fact
that that ancestor was Anthony Jansen van Salee, a Dutchman of Long Island, known
there as the "Turk." It is said that the purchaser of the Koran [Richard M. Johnson of
Kingston, New Jersey] sold it to a book collector in Philadelphia for nearly $100. [Extract
from Mr. Bayles' MS in the MS Department of the New York Public Library.]

Richard M. Johnson, a descendant in the eighth generation, on being asked if he
remembered having purchased the book, replied:

Feb. 21-1925. MR. HOPPIN. Dear Sir: Yours of nineteenth at hand. Would reply that I
remember very well the Sale, and I bought many articles for curiosity and speculation.
Among the books bought was a large book in a foreign language. I tried many to read it,
but none could. I was told that there was a Jew in Trenton that kept a kind of curio shop.
They called him "Jerusalem." I took it to him and he told me it was a Bible called the
Koran--the Mohammedan Bible--and it was valuable. As it was no use to me I asked
what he would give me for it. He said he could sell it and get me fifty dollars for it. I said,
"give me the money." He said he would give me $25. and when he sold it $25. more. I
never got the other $25. as he died shortly after. In a few days after I sold it a gentleman
came to me and wanted the book, as his ancestors were connected. I told him I had
disposed of it and to whom. Some years later Mr. Robert Bayles came to me, as he was
tracing his genealogy, for the Koran as he traced the book to me, Mr. Bayles had a letter
stating that Alexander Gulick often saw the book, and it had very many records in it. He
stated the book was his aunt Katy Gulick's . . .


The Register of the Provincial Secretary of the New Netherland, now preserved in the
State Library at Albany, begins on April 19, 1638. The first record relating to Anthony
Janse van Salee is dated only nine days later--April 28, 1638. It is the declaration of Ryer
Stoffelsen and Jan Gerritsen respecting the manner of the death of Anthony Jansen van
Salee's dog. [Dutch Manuscripts, Register of the Provincial Secretary, Albany, I, 5.]

Under date of April 29, 1638, we have the declaration by Remmer Jewerden that
Hendrick Jansen, tailor, called Anthony Jansen from Salee, a Turk, rascal, and horned
beast. [Ibid., I, 6.] But it is evident from subsequent records that by 1638, he had been in
New Amsterdam between one and four years. He had secured a bouwery (farm) "near
Fort Amsterdam bounded westerly by Hendrick Jansen, tailor, and eastward by Philip de
Truy." He had married at least a year before 1638, Grietje Reiniers, of New Amsterdam.
She had been employed by Peter de Winters to assist in managing a tavern in Amsterdam
(not in New Amsterdam as the Calendar of Dutch Manuscripts [I, 80] has it). On what
ship she came to New Amsterdam is not known, but under date of April 28, 1639, in the
Calendar of Dutch Manuscripts (I, 52), there is reference to her complaint against two
sailors of the ship because of some offense against her, and to their being condemned to
leave the country within two months.

Anthony Janse van Salee's farm was on the north side of the stockade built across the
island on the line of the present Wall Street. It was called "Wallenstein," apparently in
honor of the great general of that name, but the farm seems to have been laid out and to
have been given its name by the Dutch West India Company before Van Salee acquired
it. It occupied the area from Broadway to the East River between Ann Street and Maiden
Lane. A map of 1644 showing "Wallenstein" and other "bouweries" in the neighborhood
appears on page 1 of New Amsterdam and Its People, by Innes (1902). In this same
book, pages 310-313, is found a description of "Wallenstein" in 1640. Mr. Innes says of
this farm, page 310 ff. of his book, New Amsterdam and Its People:

This bouwery is spoken of as belonging to Cornelis van Tienhoven as early as the year
1640, though he did not receive his formal ground-brief or patent for it until 1644. He
was not, however, the first owner or tenant of the farm, which was in all probability laid
out at a very early date, and its buildings, perhaps, erected by the West India Company.

May 7, 1639, Anthony Janse van Salee sold "Wallenstein" to Barent Dircksen, baker. A
translation of the record of the conveyance is found in Documents Relating to the
Colonial History of the State of New York, XIV, 20:

Deed for a bowery near Fort Amsterdam. This day, the 7th May Ao 1639, before me,
Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary of New Netherland, came and appeared in their
proper persons, Anthony Jansen from Vees, of the one part, and Barent Dircksen baker,
of the other part, and acknowledged in the presence of the undersigned witnesses, to
have agreed and contracted in amity and friendship about the purchase of the Bowery
hitherto occupied by Anthony Jansen, situate near Fort Amsterdam, bounded westerly by
Hendric Jansen, tailor, and eastward by Philip de Truy, on the conditions and terms here
under written.

First said Anthony Jansen shall deliver, as he now is doing to Barent Dircksen aforesaid,
who also acknowledges to have bought and this day received from said Anthony the land
as it is sowed and fenced, the house and barn, together with all that is fastened by earth
and nail, except the cherry, peach and all other trees standing on said land, which said
Anthony reserves for himself and will remove at a more seasonable time, on settlement
of two years, on ditto of one year, 1 wagon, plough, and one harrow with wooden teeth.

For all which Barent Dircksen shall pay to said Anthony Jansen the sum of fifteen
hundred and seventy guilders to be paid in two consecutive years; immediately after the
list of what is aforesaid, he Barent Dircksen shall pay to said Anthony Jansen, or his
order, one just fourth part of the above mentioned money, and six months after the date
hereof the second fourth part, and so on, one fourth part every half year until the last
payment inclusive.

For all which parties pledge their persons and properties, movable and immovable,
present and future without any exception under bond as prescribed by law, without
reservation or deceipt. Hereof are two copies made of the same term and signed by

This is the mark of ANTHONY JANSEN above named. This is the P mark of BARENT
DIRCKSEN. This is the R mark of HENRY C. HARMSEN.

Barent Dirckson leased the property to Cornelius Jacobsen van Tienhoven, the secretary
of the province, immediately, though van Tienhoven did not obtain the patent for the
property till 1644. Governor Kieft at his request granted Van Salee one hundred morgens
of land, the first grant within the limits of what became the towns of Gravesend and New

[Book G.G. Land Papers. Albany, p. 61. Translated abstract]: PATENT FOR LAND
ON LONG ISLAND. We, Willem Kieft, Director General and Council of New
Netherland etc., herewith testify and declare, that on the first of August 1639 we have
given and granted to Anthony Jansen of Salee 100 morgens of land lying on the bay of
the North river upon Long Island opposite Coney Island, stretching along the shore two
hundred and fifty-three rods, N.N.W., from the shore about N.E. by E. two hundred and
thirty-six rods, again along a bluff one hundred and twenty-four rods about S.E., S.W. by
W., 24 rods, S. 54 rods, further to the strand S.W. by W. 174 rods, with some points of
land lying on the south side, containing 87 morgens, 49-1/2 rods; also a point of land
stretching southward from the house, surrounded on three sides by meadows, reaching
S.W. by W. 72 rods, S.E. by S. ninety rods being an oblong with some protruding points
containing 12 morgens five hundred and fifty and one-half rods, under the express
condition and stipulation etc., at a perpetual yearly rent of one hundred carolus guilders.

Done at Fort Amsterdam in N.N. this 27th of May 1643.
[Translation in Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York,
XIV, 45.]

He rented goats from Andries Hudde for his new plantation as the following record
shows: In February 13, 1640, Claes Jansen Ruyter manifested his confidence in Anthony
Jansen van Salee by becoming surety on Anthony's bond to Andries Hudde for his return
of a number of milch goats which were loaned or rented to Anthony for his temporary
use at his new plantation below the Narrows. [Register of the Provincial Secretary, I,

Though he probably continued to live at Gravesend till 1646, when he leased his property
there, May 24, 1643, he bought from Abraham Jacobsen van Steenwyck a lot in New
Amsterdam. This lot and house are marked on "The Plan of Brouwer Straet and Hoogh
Straet in New Amsterdam, from Fort Amsterdam to the Stadt Huys, A.D., 1655," page
80 of New Amsterdam and Its People. It is the third lot, facing the East River, southward
from the present Broad Street, on the westerly side of the present Bridge Street, about
one hundred feet from Broad Street. A picture of the house in which Anthony must have
lived, is given on page 104 of this book, reproduced from the drawing made by or for
Justus Danckers and Visscher. The following record shows that he was living at
Gravesend in 1643:

Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary of New Netherland, appeared the underwritten
witnesses, who, at the request of Anthony Jansen from Salee, attest, testify and declare
in place and with promise of a solemn oath, that it is true and truthful that about noon
yesterday the crew of the Seven Stars and the privateers went together on the land of
Anthony Jansen from Salee situate in the Bay, who, as an Englishman, sailing in one of
the said ships, took from there fully 200 pumpkins. The witnesses asked, What were
they doing there? They answered, We are in search of the hogs on Coney Island; if we
find the hogs, we shall take them all away with us. Thereupon the deponents replied,
Those who are running there are Lady Moody's hogs. We shall not then go there, said
the Seven Stars' crew. Done the 13th October 1643.

This is the R mark of RITSCHERT AESTEN. This is the A mark of AMBROSIUS
LONEN. This is the + mark of RITSCHERT STOUT. [Translation from Register of the
Provincial Secretary, II, 79.]

Then three other men (not of record as related to Anthony Jansen) visited one of the
privateer vessels in the bay and reported:

We the undersigned attest that there is not on board the frigate La Garce more than 1/2
barrel of cabbage, being about 20-30 heads therein; among these are small cabbages not
bigger than a fist, and about 70 pumpkins and a few turnips, 16 fowls for the Seven Stars
and her crew, without having injured or taken any other animals.

This is the mark P of PHILIP JANSEN. This X is the mark of ABRAHAM JANSEN
By me SYMEON HOBBINS. ARY LEENDERSEN, pilot of La Garce. [Ibid., II, 79.]
[Philip Jansen and Abraham Jansen were part-owners of La Garce.]

In 1643 a colony of Englishmen under the leadership of Lady Deborah Moody secured
permission from the Dutch authorities to settle at Gravesend. She was a daughter of
Walter Dunch, and widow of Sir Henry Moody, Baronet, of Garesden, Wiltshire,
England. In 1640, with her son Sir Henry, she settled at Lynn, in Massachusetts. In 1643
she was expelled from that colony because of her disbelief in the efficacy or necessity of
baptism of infants. The formal patent is dated December 19, 1645. The record of the
lease of his farm at Gravesend to Edmund Adley follows:

[Register of the Provincial Secretary, II, 148. Translation in Documents Relating to the
Colonial History of N.Y. XIV, 73-74]: LEASE OF A BOWERY NEAR THE

Before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, Secretary of New Netherland, appeared Anthony
Jansen from Salee, who in the presence of witnesses here underwritten declared and
acknowledged that he leased his bouwery situate below the narrows (door de hoofden)
on Long Island, to Edmund Adley, who also acknowledged to have hired it for the term
of four consecutive years, commencing on the 2d of September 1650. Anthony Jansen
shall also be bound to have built a house fit to live in, and the Lessee [evidently a mistake
for "Lessor"] shall cause the arable land to be enclosed once for all with posts and rails,
which fence Edmund remains bound to deliver back, on the expiration of the four years
as good (at least tight) as it now will be delivered, and the Lessee promises to keep the
house and fence in repair at his own expense during the lease. The Lessee shall annually
pay as rent of the aforesaid Bowery, cattle and implements which Anthony now delivers,
the sum of two hundred guilders the first year, and two hundred and fifty guilders every
year the three succeeding years, with five pounds of butter annually. The other property
which Anthony Jansen now delivers, as per the subjoined inventory Adley is bound to
restore at the end of lease, when the number of the cattle that the Lessee [evidently a
mistake for "Lessor"] now delivers shall first of all be deducted, and then the increase
shall be divided half and half between the Lessor and the Lessee. It is also expressly
stipulated that the risk of the cattle shared be shared in common both by the Lessor and
Lessee during the lease, and if any of the cattle happen to die, the loss must first of all be
made good from the increase. [Remainder of MS destroyed.]

Inventory of the property, implements and cattle delivered by Anthony Jansen, lessor, to
Edmund Adley, lessee, who acknowledges to have received the same, and promises to
deliver them on the expiration of the lease, as appears by the preceding contract, to wit: 1
stallion 12 years old; 1 stallion of 3 years. 1 mare of 4 years. Edmund shall allow one
stallion colt and two bull calves, at the end of the four years, though the colt may be
grown, and the bull calves, oxen; because Anthony receives so little butter; of which colt
and calves the Lessee runs no risk, unless the animals be lost through the Lessee's
negligence. [Here follows a list of cattle and farming implements.] In testimony this is
signed by parties the 6th of September 1646. New Netherland.

This is the X mark of EDMAN ADLEY, made by himself. This is the X mark of
HOYKENS, witness. ADRIAEN VAN TIENHOVEN, witness. To my knowledge.

That Anthony Janse van Salee was dissatisfied with the conduct of Edmund Adley,
appears from the following record:
Anthony Jansen vs Edmund Adley, for damages; ordered that the plaintiff prove
damages to his cattle and bouwery, and that the case be referred to Jan Evertsen Bout
and Huyck Aertsen, magistrates of Breuckelyn, to examine Jansen's stock and bouwery
and determine whether Adley acts as an honest tenant. If he do not, then he shall quit the
premises or give security. [Council Minutes. Court Proceedings, IV, 274.]

Adley's four-year lease expired September 2, 1651. In 1654 arose a controversy between
Anthony Janse van Salee and the town of Gravesend respecting the boundaries of his
land. The town arrested him on an allegation of trespass in February, 1654. Whereupon
on February 25, 1654, the Director-General (Peter Stuyvesant) and Council ordered "the
magistrates of Gravesend to release Anthony Jansen from Salee, and to appear and
proceed before the Director and Council according to law." [Council Minutes, V, 216.]
The patent restricted the authority of the magistrates of Gravesend to cases involving not
more than fifty Holland guilders; consequently they had acted ultra vires in bringing their
action against Anthony Janse van Salee, and the Governor and Council reminded them of
the proper course of action. In his turn Van Salee brought an action March 3, 1654,
against the town of Gravesend for trespass; the Council ordered him "to serve a copy of
his complaint on the defendants who are cited to appear. [Council Minutes, V, 230.]
September 3, 1654, the Governor sent the following interesting letter to Lady Moody:

[Letter from Director Stuyvesant to Lady Moody at Gravesend in regard to the
appointment of commissioners to settle certain boundary disputes.]

My Lady. Agreeably to your Ladyship's request and our promise we have commissioned
Mr. Nicasius de Sille, Jan de la Montagne, members of our High Council, and Paulus
Leendertsen van der Grift and Oloff Stevensen Cortlandt, Schepens [magistrates] of this
City, to settle the boundaries between the lands of the village of Gravesend, of Anthony
Jansen on Coney Island and the land formerly owned by Robert Penoyer, according to
the letters-patent and deeds. Our aforesaid commissioners will, if it so pleases God,
report tomorrow morning and these lines are to request and admonish your Ladyship to
send some persons there, who may take care of your Ladyship's rights.

Recommending your Ladyship with cordial greetings to God's protection, we remain, my

Your Ladyship's affectionate friend

P. STUYVESANT New Amsterdam Septbr 3, 1654.

The case dragged on till 1656. The two records following show the outcome:
20 of June 1656. Resolved and decided in Council that their Honors, the
Director-General and Council of New Netherland proceed tomorrow to the village of
Gravesend on Long Island, to settle the question so long pending about the boundaries
between said village and Anthony Jansen, Robert Pennoyer and others; if possible in the
presence of some prominent and impartial Englishmen. [Council Minutes, VIII, 31.
Translation in Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State of N.Y. 14.]

The Director-General and Council of New Netherland, after having on Wednesday last,
the 21st of this month, personally inspected the enclosures or posts and rails put up lately
by the inhabitants of Gravesend and also compared them on the spot with the tenor of
title deeds, find, that the posts and rails are not put up or placed in accordance with their
patent, which begins at the kil or creek next to Coney Island and not at the middle of the
bay as their fences stand, and stretches thence not along the shore of the bay, but to the
point, where the land of Anthony Jansen and Robert Penoyer join each other, thence to
the western side of a pond in an old Indian's land, which meets and bounds have
evidently not been adhered to by the people of Gravesend; therefore the Director-General
and Council direct the Magistrates of the said village, upon receipt hereof, to take up the
posts and rails set and put to the land lately fenced in by them on their own responsibility
to the prejudice of the partnership of Anthony Jansen and William Bredenbent into its
former condition; after this has been done, the Director-General and Council or their
impartial committee shall assign to them, according to their patent, the limits of the
village, to be enclosed in obedience to the patent.

In case of refusal and further contumacy the Fiscal [Attorney General] is directed to do it
or have it done nomine officii and to proceed according to law in regard to the damages
already suffered or yet to be suffered by their contumacy. Thus done in Council of
Director-General and Council of New Netherland held at Fort Amsterdam the 24th of
June Aø 1656.

The people of Gravesend showed their contempt for the Dutch authorities by forcibly
ejecting Van Salee from the land in question. He appealed to the governor and council,
July 11, 1656. Within a few days two arbitrators, one of whom was Van Tienhoven,
went to Gravesend to set up the markers on the line fixed by the governor and council on
their visit to Gravesend. They failed to do so, and on July 19, 1656, made a report rather
adverse to Van Salee's claims, recommending a survey. Encouraged by this
recommendation, the men of Gravesend drove off twenty-four of Van Salee's cattle from
the disputed land. The governor and council ordered the magistrates to restore the cattle
and to bring suit against Van Salee for trespass if they thought they had cause for action.
[Council Minutes, VIII, 117-118.] The trial was held in the Fort at New Amsterdam on
August 21, 1656. The result appears from the following record:

Monday 21st of August 1656. Extraordinary Session at Fort Amsterdam in N.N.
Having heard the debates pro and contra and examined the evidence the Director-General
and Council find, that the complaints of the Magistrates of Gravesend are unfounded,
because the ocular inspection, made by the Director-General and Council on the 25th of
June, has proved, that the people of Gravesend without justification of law have fenced
in a part of Anthony Jansen's land and the meadow of William Bredenbent and placed
their posts and rails not in conformity with the consent of the Director-General and
Council upon the land granted them by their patent, but, as it has been stated, partly upon
the land of Anthony Jansen and through the meadow of William Bredenbent.

The Director-General and Council therefore, by their resolution, ordered, that the
inhabitants of the said village remove the posts and rails put up by them from the land in
question and return and leave the land not belonging to them in statu quo prius, as
directed by the resolution of the 24th of June to which reference is here made.

Although at the request of the said Magistrates this order has been in so far modified by
the Director-General and Council that for the prevention of damage to the grass and other
crops the posts and rails should remain until further order and the gathering of the
harvest; yet, as the inhabitants of the said village without the knowledge and against the
order and intention of the Director-General and Council have let their calves and other
cattle graze on the meadow in question, which is proved by credible witnesses and not
denied by the Magistrates, thereby causing and inducing Anthony Jansen, as he declares,
to let his cattle also run along the strand upon the same meadow, so that the subsequent
disorders were not occasioned by him, but by the people of the said village, who by their
own authority and in contempt of the supreme government have acted as parties and
judges in the matter, as well as carrying off Anthony Jansen's cattle, as in making hay
from and on land not belonging to them--the Director-General and Council to maintain
their own authority and the administration of law and justice find themselves compelled
to detain the said Magistrates, until they shall give due satisfaction to the Director-General
and Council for the contempt shown their authority, returned the land unlawfully fenced
in in statu quo prius, and paid the costs and mises of law.

Meanwhile Anthony Jansen and Jaques Corteljouw are requested and charged to gather
the mown hay at the expense of the Director-General and Council for the future disposal

143, 156.]
The incident is closed by the two following orders for surveys, leaving Anthony Janse
van Salee victor in the long contest:

23d of August 1656 at Fort Amsterdam. Present in Council GENERAL PETRUS

Jacques Corteljouw is hereby requested and authorized to survey once more with a
compass, according to the tenor of their patents the lands of Anthony Jansen and Robert
Pennoyer to the extent of as many morgens as covered by the patents and to place marks
at every corner. After he has done this he is to draw a line from the mouth of the kil, to
the easternmost point of Anthony Jansen's land, where it touches the westernmost point
of Robert Pennoyer's; this line is according to the patent the boundary line of Gravesend;
he is to do all to the best of his knowledge, without favor, dissimulation or regard of
persons, also to gather the hay and leave it in hocks on the place until our arrival. You
will be paid for your work. [Council Minutes, VIII, 150.]

On Saturday last [August 26, 1656] the Magistrates and inhabitants of the village of
Gravesend were shown their boundaries persuant to their patent and other title deeds,
beginning at the mouth of the kil the west side of which is nearest to Coney Island, where
their boundaries begin, stretching thence pursuant to their patent along Robert Pennoyer's
and Anthony Jansen's lands, thence north to a point in an old Indian field [etc.]. This
done in Council at Fort Amsterdam in N.N.

Stuyvesant died four years before the death of Van Salee and eight years after the seizure
of New Netherland by the English in 1664. His tomb in the churchyard of St. Mark's
P.E. Church, Tenth Street and Second Avenue, in New York City, may be visited by all
who honor him for his sturdy honesty, his justice, and his courage.

Continued PART II and PART III

Anthony Janse van Salee, and van Vaes of New Amsterdam and Long Island

Annica, or in Dutch Annetje, one of the daughters of Anthony Janse van Salee, married
Thomas Southard, who is sometimes called "Schondtwart" and "Suddert" in New
Amsterdam records. He brought suit against his father-in-law before the magistrates of
Gravesend, demanding the fulfilment of what he claimed was a marriage settlement.
Anthony appealed to the Dutch authorities on the ground that the Gravesend magistrates
had no jurisdiction in cases involving more than fifty Dutch guilders. The case was
apparently dropped by Southard when he found that the action of the magistrates in
imprisoning his father-in-law was illegal. Probably their action had been more drastic than
anything he had expected or desired, and doubtless he felt more than a little ashamed of

On land between the Narrows and the bouwery of Anthony Jansen van Salee, several
Dutch families settled what became the village of New Utrecht soon after 1650. On
August 27, 1657, Director-General Stuyvesant and the council granted to them 130
morgens (250 acres) of valley (meadow) opposite Coney Island, bounding with the west
end on the land of Anthony Jansen from Salee, northeast on the kil where the Gravesend
mill stands, east southeast and south abutting on said kil, southeast on the bay of the
North river [Gravesend bay]. [Patents and Land Papers, H.H., Part II, 90.]

The line between New Utrecht and that part of Gravesend that belonged to Anthony
Jansen strikes the bay at the old church in the extreme northwest part of the present
Unionville. Anthony had land on both sides of this line, and his house stood near to the
line and close to the sea. New Utrecht included, eventually, the land of Fort Hamilton
and the entire region of the Narrows; in recent years all of the enlarged New Utrecht
Township became a part of the city of Brooklyn, and is now covered with dwellings. The
following record shows that Anthony Janse van Salee had purchased some of this
meadow from the Indians, but had neglected to perfect his title by securing a grant from
the Dutch Government:

[Council Minutes of New Netherland, VIII, 941. Translation]: August 13th, 1658.
Tuesday. Received a petition of Anthony Jansen from Salee, showing that the meadow,
now granted to the new village of Utrecht, had been bought by him from the Indians and
paid for on the 26th of September 1651. He requests that a part of it near his house may
be given to him.

After a vote had been taken, it was answered: This is to be placed into the hands of the
people of Utrecht and if it is found that, if petitioner has no meadow for making hay, a
part of the aforesaid land shall be given to him.

On their part, the people of New Utrecht filed the following petition:
[Het Bouk Van Het Durp Utrecht Aø 1657, Lib., A-3A. Kings County Court House;
translation from the Dutch original record]: 1659. PETITION TO THE NOBLE, RIGHT
4. That Antony Jansen Van Sal be ordered to drive his horses, hogs and cattle into the
woods like the others, inasmuch as the meadow is ruined by them and the pasturage
consumed, which tends to the injury of the entire town. We beg, therefore, we be
authorized to put in pound the animals found in the meadow.

5. That Antony Jansen, who claims the meadow is his since he bought it from the
Indians, which could not be except with Your Noble Right Honorables' consent, which
has not been granted, may be ordered to allow us peacable use and possession of said
meadow granted by Your Noble Right Honorables. And the inhabitants of the Town
promise to him, Antony, to let him share like one of them, provided he draw lots and
accept his share, wherever it may be, and bear the expense thereof with the rest.

To these remonstrances the Noble Right Hon. Lords Director General Petrus Stuyvesant
and the Councillors Necasius de Sille, first councillor, and Petrus Tonneman and Johan
de Deckkre upon the 12th of May 1659 made the following reply . . .

As to the fourth and fifth points, the Fiscal [Procureur General] was ordered to summon
Anthony Van Zalee and inform him that he must keep his cattle and hogs out of the
common meadow, or, if he intends to claim any further title in the meadow, he must
make it known to the Director General and Council. And they add that, if in the future
any cattle or hogs are found in the meadow, they shall be impounded as is befitting.

Anthony accepted the settlement proposed by the Council, and received lots 23 and 24 in
the division of the meadow made by the town of New Utrecht. The site of Anthony's
house on his Long Island bouwery which extended along the shore from Coney Island
northwestward through the present Unionville and Ulmer Park to Guntherville, and
across the present boundary line between Gravesend and New Utrecht, is referred to thus
by Tunis G. Bergen in his Register of the Early Settlers of Kings County, page 155:

In 1879, in levelling the sand-dunes on the upland on the edge of the bay a little southeast
of the buildings of Mr. Gunther at Locust Grove, which dunes had been blown up from
the beach, and which had been gradually extending back with the abrasion of the shore or
coast, the remains of two separate pieces of stone wall about two feet high and one foot
wide, made mainly of unbroken field-stone laid in clay mortar, with a clay floor between
them, were exhumed. These remains were covered with from four to ten feet of sand,
and are probably those of the barn or other farm buildings of Anthony Jansen . . .
Anthony's patent was known as "Turk's Plantation," from his being designed as "Turk"
on some of the old records.

The bouwery of Anthony Jansen van Salee is said by historians to be the first landing
place on the continent of North America of Hendrick Hudson on September 3, 1609,
when he anchored the Half-Moon in what became Gravesend Bay. On September 3,
1664, Richard Nicoll from his English ships of war, also anchored in the same water, sent
his demand to Stuyvesant for the surrender of New Netherland. In August, 1776, Sir
William Howe's fleet anchored off the Gravesend-New Utrecht shore. Here he landed his
troops, and attacking Brooklyn from the eastern side, won the Battle of Long Island.

Van Salee's name often appears in the records of the court of the burgomasters and
schepens of New Amsterdam (also called the Manhattoes-Manhattans). His house stood
on the New Utrecht side of the original line of that town, near where the line reaches the
sea. He is called in the records "of Gravesend," never of New Utrecht, the former town
first asserting its jurisdiction over his estate, particularly as to taxes. In February, 1660,
he sold his Gravesend plantation:

[Gravesend Town Records. Deeds, Leases 1653 to 1670, liber II, 127, abstract from the
English original]: ffeburay the 9th 1660: Anthonie Johnson and Nicholas Stillwell did
come before mee John Tilton, Clerke of the Corporation of Gravesend, and he the said
Anthonie . . . sould all his Rite unto a Certain pcell of Land with ye houseing Barricke
Guarden Orchard; as allsoe all that Hooke of land from the usuall place of his landing
with his Bote to the Secant which was graunted unto him from the Govrnour Genll of
this Province . . . unto Nicholas Stillwell for Sixteen hundred guilders and one plantation,
number Twenty Nyne, with houseing Guarden . . . in Gravesend . . . this 1 of Aprll Ano
1660 in gravesend in the Pvince N. Neatherld.


Deceember 28th 1660. Anthonie Johnsonn rec'd of Nicholas Stillwell the summe of 8
eighte hundred gilders--I saye rec'd 800 G. teste mee JOHN TILTON.

Perhaps the following order issued because of fear of the Indians may have had some
effect in inducing him to sell the farm to Stillwell, though plantation No. 29, taken in part
payment, was equally subject to it:

February 1660, the Director General and Council . . . ordered the people living alone
outside . . . to give up their separated dwellings and to demolish or at least to unroof their
houses and to move with their goods to the nearest settlement . . . by the 18th of May
upon the penalty of fifty guldens:

Thereupon summonses were served . . . among them, one upon Mr. Stilwell who bought
the land of Antoni Jansen Van Sale, the Turk, etc. [A Het Bouk Van Het DVRP Vtrecht
Aø 1657. Liber A-16.]

Stilwell, at least, perceived that the edict would not be permanent and might possibly be
circumvented.  "April 26, 1660. Received and read a petition from Nicolas Stillwell, a
farmer living on his bouwery between Gravesend and the village of New Utrecht, who
asks for permission to remain living by himself and to be excused from moving his house,
pursuant to the placat, stating, that with his four farmhands and three sons he is able to
defend his bouwery. It is answered: 'Petitioner shall appear before the Director-General
and Council with his sons and farmhands.' "

Discontented at seeing Stilwell continue in possession, while still owing him eight hundred
guilders for the property, Anthony sought to recover what he had sold:

February 9, 1662. Order on a petition of Anthony Jansen from Salee, praying that he be
released from a sale to Nicholas Stillwel of some of his land near Gravesend, on the
ground that it was sold too cheap. [Council Minutes of New Netherland, X, 48.]

Stilwell's defense, as laid before Stuyvesant, is recorded in the register of Solomon
Lachaire (City Clerk's Office of New York), pages 228-231. Stilwell's declaration
contains data of genealogical importance and must be quoted (translation):

No. 2. The declaration of Thomas Morrel. Deponent saith that he was at the house of
Mr. Nicolaes Stillwil with Anthony Jansen, and the said Anthony went with them out by
the old barn, and showed or explained to them all the hook of land from the usual landing
place down to the seashore to Coney island, saying that it belonged to him. In the
presence of the Magistrates of Gravesend, the 23d January 1661. [Signed] The mark H
of Thomas Morrel. Will Goulden, Clerk . . .

No. 4. This witnesseth for whom it may concern That I, Gerrit Seggers, being formerly
employed on the land of Anthony Jansen, to wit, that land or bouwery which the above
named Anthony lately sold to N: Stillwil, that he, the said Anthony Janse had leased to
me a certain portion of land to plant thereon, to cultivate and to make use of for a certain
time, in which was included the Hook of land lying near by the seashore, which is at
present in dispute between the above named Anthony and Nicolaes Stillwil which
aforesaid hook of land he, the aforesaid Anthony, had further leased to me, claiming it at
that time as his own land, which I also declare to be the truth, and in testimony of the
truth have signed on the 31st January 1662. [Signed] GERRIT SEGERS.

1662, 10 February. The Declaration of Nicolaes Stilwil concerning the difference or point
in dispute between him and Anthony Jansen of Gravesend exhibited before the Director
General and Council of New Netherland

HONORABLE: The above named Declarant says that said Anthony Jansen came to his
house about one month before the last payment, being Eight hundred guilders, fell due
and asked what the Declarant will give for pay; if corn he would go to the Manathans and
agree with the Brewers: Whereupon Declarant answered, You can well save the trouble
of agreeing with any of the brewers, for, I said, your money is ready--and thereupon
showed him about six hundred guilders in Wampum, saying, the balance being two
hundred guilders, I shall immediately point out to you where to receive it, on condition
that you give and deliver to me what you have sold to me according to the bill of sale
thereof signed by you.

About three weeks afterwards the above named Anthony returned for the second time,
with two or three others, when the Declarant again said, the Money is now ready for
you, provided that you on your side, perform all that you are bound to do according to
the bill of sale. Whereupon the said Anthony showed his patent which was read aloud
before the friends present; after which the Declarant said to Anthony Jansen, Is there any
mention in the patent of the hook of land on the seashore, which is particularly specified
in the bill of sale. Whereupon the above named Anthony Jansen replied that the above
named hook was his own land, having obtained a patent thereof which is in the hands of
Jacus, [Jacques Cortelyou.] the surveyor. Whereupon his brother in law [Meaning
son-in-law] there present said, "Father, you have made over your right out of your hand
and now it appears that the differences stand upon trifles."

Finally, the Declarant offered that if he, the abovenamed Anthony, would choose two
impartial men on his side, he would in like manner, name two, and refer the matter to
them, to be decided wholly between them, which Anthony Jansen refused. Further the
Declarant, on the 27th December, 1661, accompanied by the Schout and clerk of
Gravesend went to the house of the abovenamed Anthony Jansen, saying to him that his
pay was then ready, and would be now ready if, and so soon as he performed the
condition according to the bill of sale; telling him again in the presence of the aforesaid
Schout and Clerk that he would unwillingly go to law, and would rather if he would leave
their difference to the decision of four impartial men. The Declarant offers to prove by
sufficient witnesses the truth of all that is hereinabove mentioned, if necessary.

Stuyvesant declined to render a verdict in behalf of either party, leaving them to settle out
of court; so the opinion of Anthony's son-in-law that the "differences stand upon trifles"
prevailed. Anthony and Stilwell composed their differences, but the particulars are not of
record. Stilwell, on February 28, 1664, sold the land adjoining Gravesend to Francois de
Bruynn, who obtained a confirmatory patent for it from Nickolls, the first English
Governor of New York, and named it "Bruynnsberg." A subsequent owner, Jan Hansen
of New Utrecht, on June 1, 1696, in transferring his half, one hundred acres, of that
estate to Barent Joosten, described it as one-half of the "Turk's Plantation"--this nineteen
years after the death of its first owner, Anthony Jansen van Salee. As an indication of the
ancient value of this half of the estate, 38,750 guilders wampum value, about $15,340,
was paid for it when Albert Coerten van Voorhies bought it on December 11, 1693. The
present value of the same land is reckoned in millions of dollars. In 1756 this half of the
original bouwery was held by the Voorhees family.

Two months after Anthony's failure to recover the property from Stilwell, he obtained a
warranty deed from Stilwell for the plantation that he had accepted in part payment for
the land that adjoined the bay and Coney (Guisbert's) Island. This deed was witnessed by
one of Anthony's sons-in-law, our ancestor, Willem Jansen from Borculo in Holland,
whose children used Van Borculo (Barkelo) as their surname, though their father did not
always use it, being frequently recorded as Willem Janz, Janse, and Jansen. In his
signature to this deed he did not write Borculo after the "Van," though the omission may
well be the fault of the recorder:

Aprll 28th Anno dmo: 1662 st: no: Nicholas Stillwell and Anthony Johnsonn comeing
before us. . . . The said Nicholas then . . . sould all his rite . . . unto a certain parcell of
Land with the houseing Guarden Orchard . . . in Gravesend in the Province of niewe
Neatherlands . . . knowne by the name of Number twentie nyne . . . unto Anthony

presence of WILLEM JANZ VAN [and] JOHN TILTON. [Gravesend Town Records,
1653 to 1670, liber II, 149.]

Anthony Jansen van Salee also sought to acquire title to the western part of Coney
Island. This part was known as Guisbert's, and was once separated from the central and
eastern part of the present Coney Island by a small creek. A patent was granted on May
24, 1644, to Guisbert Op Dyck for Conynen Eylandt, as the Dutch called it. This was
after Anthony Jansen had settled on the mainland near to that western part of Coney
Island. With three of his four sons-in-law (the other son-in-law, Thomas Southart, having
removed to Hempstead, Long Island), Anthony petitioned Director-General Stuyvesant
and the Council of New Netherland for the island, Guisbert having vacated it, with the
following result (translation):

"March 31, 1661. Received and read the petition of Anthony Jansen of Faes, Willem
Jansen of Berkeloo, Jan Emans [This Jan Emans came with his father, Andries Emans,
an Englishman, in the ship St. Jean Baptist in 1661 from Leiden in Holland to Gravesend,
Long Island, and had a son recorded as an adult in 1699 as "Jan Emans Jr." The father
married Sara, daughter of Anthony Jansen van Salee, prior to August, 1676, and had a
daughter Cornelia and other children {T. G. Bergen, The Emmans Family MS.}] of
Cologne, and Ferdinandus Jansen of Sechelen [He was usually called Van Sicklen, which
appellation became the fixed surname of his children, none of them being recorded as
Jansens.]  who ask for a certain small island south of Gravesend called Gysbert's Island,
and the meadows belonging to it." The answer was: "The request is denied for good
reasons." [Council Minutes, IX, 576.]

Ferdinandus Jansen van Sicklen probably was living at the time with his wife's father,
Anthony. Jan Emans was also at Gravesend, and William Jansen van "Berkeloo" lived at
Flatlands some two miles away from Anthony's house. An illuminating side light upon the
mind and character of Anthony Jansen van Salee, at this time about sixty years old, is
afforded by the petition which ten men, of whom he and his son-in-law, Jan Emans,
were two, prepared and signed two months after Anthony had sold his farm to Nicholas
Stilwell and had taken up his residence on plantation No. 29. Although Gravesend was an
English settlement, of the ten petitioners Nicholas Stilwell was the only one known to be
a native Englishman. The others were Dutch, save Jan Emans whom the ancient record
previously quoted calls of Cologne, but who is stated in Bergen's Register of the Early
Settlers of Kings County to have been a son of Andries Emans from Leyden, Holland,
and who is "entered as of English extraction on the assessment rolls of Gravesend of
1693 and in the census of 1698." [Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the
State of New York, XIV, 460, translation from the Dutch]:

To the Noble, very Worshipful, Honorable Director-General and Council in New
Some of the undersigned inhabitants of the village of Gravesend, your honors' subjects,
very respectfully show the licentious mode of living, the desecration of the Sabbath, the
confusion of religious opinion prevalent in this village, so that many have grown cold in
the exercise of Christian virtues and almost surpass the heathens, who have no
knowledge of God and his commandments: the words of the wise King Solomon are
applicable here, that where prophecy ceases, the people grow savage and licentious and
as the fear of the Lord alone holds our promises of temporal and eternal blessings and as
we, your petitioners, to our sorrow and constant regret see no means by which to make a
change for the better, we have concluded to address ourselves to your Honors, as being
the only hope for us and the wellbeing of this community, and humbly and respectfully to
ask and pray, that a preacher or pastor be sent here that then the glory of God may be
spread, the ignorant taught, the simple and innocent strengthened and the licentious
refrained. Then we shall be able to live in greater peace and in the fear of the Lord under
your Honors' wise administration and government; whereupon relying we await your
Honors' favorable reply and so doing &c.

The marks XX--XX made by ANTHONY JANSEN and his brother-in-law(*) JAN
EMANS. April 12th 1660. [Signed by the marks of four others and by four more men by
written signatures.]

(*) Meaning, in this case, son-in-law, for this Jan Emans is proved the husband of Sara,
daughter of Anthony Jansen van Salee. The same mistake or inexact rendition occurs
again in O'Callaghan's modern translation of "The Declaration of Nicolaes Stilwil" of
February 10, 1662, originally written in English for Stilwell by some scribe, and translated
therefrom into Dutch in 1662 by Notary Lachaire (whose Register reveals his charge for
the translation) and from whose old Dutch copy the modern translation into English,
again, was made. In this latest translation of Stillwell's declaration, the latter in referring
to another of Anthony's sons-in-law (probably Willem Jansen) is made to say:
"Whereupon his brother-in-law there present said 'Father, you have made over your right
out of your own hand,' " etc. Thus the word "Father" contradicts the translation that calls
that speaker "brother-in-law." Both Jan Emans and Willem Jansen were schoonzoons
(sons-in-law) of the said Anthony, but each appears in modern translations of separate
records as "brother-in-law." The most eminent translator of ancient Dutch records in
America, A. J. F. van Laer, clears up this contradiction by explaining that it arose because
of the old use of the word swaeger, which in the 17th century meant son-in-law as well
as brother-in-law.

Received the foregoing petition, whereupon the following reply was given: The
Director-General and Council of New Netherland are well pleased with the remonstrance
and the request made therein, and upon the first opportunity shall make such
arrangements, as circumstances admit. April 12th 1660.

The petition that Anthony signed did not result in any improvement, and within four
years the Dutch dominion of New Netherland had become the English province of New
York. The minutes of the Council of New Netherland bear an entry dated May 24, 1663,
to the effect that Anthony Jansen from Salee had inquired whether he was indebted to
the West India Company in any way in the matter of the land he held near Gravesend.
This referred to plantation No. 29 that he had received from Mr. Stilwell in part payment
for his original bouwery of 1639. It seems that the title was clear.

Although he must have chiefly resided on this plantation No. 29, the records of New
Amsterdam show that he was frequently on Manhattan Island, where he owned land, and
that he carried on much business there. Consequently it is impossible to determine
whether his wife Grietje died there or at Gravesend. She had died before 1669. Her death
and his second marriage may have led to his permanent removal to New Amsterdam
about 1669. The change on September 6, 1664, from Dutch to English authority does not
seem to have materially affected Anthony on Long Island, though he may have regretted
the fall of Dutch power. It was in the year 1669 that he conveyed to his son-in-law,
Ferdinandus Jansen van Sichelen [Sicklen], who had married his daughter, Eva Antonise,
plantation No. 29 at Gravesend. This deed was written and recorded in English, since
Gravesend was an English town and kept its records in that language. Naturally in this
deed his name is given in the English style.

December 6th 1669. This presents witneseth that I Anthony Jonson of gravesend one
longe Island in the west Redeing of yorke sheire doe by vertue heare of Acknowledge
absolutely to have sould Asigned and make over from mee my heares Excutors
Administrators and asignes all my Reight title interest and Clame unto A Certaine percell
of lands lying and being in gravesen as aforesayd with the housing garding and orchard
with all the priviledges and appurtynances thereunto belonging the wch I am at present
possesed withall and knowne by the name of nomber 29 unto fardinandoe from sickelen
of the same towne his heares excutors administrats and asignes for ever and for him the
sayd fardinandoe to enioy in as large and ample manner in every respect as I the sayd
Anthony Jonson might or could doe by vertue of any purchase guift grant or towne order
in witnise where of I the sayde Anthony Jonson have here unto sett my hand the day and
yeare Above written.

ANTHONY XX JONSON his marke Wittnise WILL W WILKISE his marke, RALPH +

Seventeen days after this sale, the three living daughters of "Anthony Jansen, commonly
called Turk," petitioned the English Governor of the province of New York for relief,
setting forth that they were likely to be deprived of their mother's estate. It was ordered
that Anthony and the others concerned appear on the sixth of January next. [Colonial
Records at Albany, cited in The Historical Magazine, VI, No. 6, 173.] These daughters
were Anneke (Antonise) Southard, Sara (Antonise) Emans, and Eva (Antonise) van
Sicklen, all children of Grietje (Reiniers), deceased wife of Anthony Jansen van Salee.
The other daughter, our ancestress, Cornelia (Antonise), the first wife of Willem Jansen
van Borculo, was then dead, but her daughters, Cornelia and Jannetje, were represented
by their father in the petition as heirs by the death of their mother.

The marriage of Anthony to the widow, Metje Grevenraet (or Gravenradt) of New
Amsterdam, had either occurred before this petition or was about to occur. It is evident
that the daughters feared the second marriage would prevent their securing their part of
their mother's estate; especially so since, before marrying Metje Gravenraet, he and she
had entered into an agreement that if one of them should die, the survivor should have all
of the estate of the other.

The house and lot (seventeen rods, six feet deep) in Brugh Straet, New Amsterdam,
purchased May 24, 1643, by Anthony from Abraham Jacobsen van Steenwyck, was still
owned by him as late as April 24, 1666, for on that date he sued the tenant for unpaid
rent. Metje Gravenraet was still residing in the Bridge Street house in 1686, ten years
after death of her second husband, Anthony Jansen van Salee, as is shown by her name
and place of residence as given in the list of church members of New Amsterdam in
1686. [New York Historical Society Collections, 2 ser., I, 359.] It is highly probable that
Grietje (Reiniers) Jansen died after April 24, 1666. Certainly Anthony Jansen van Salee
did not marry his second wife till after 1665, for Metje Gravenraet lived in Marckveldt
Street (which crossed the southern end of Bridge Street), in 1665 as a widow. She was
assessed one florin toward paying for the lodging of English soldiers [ibid., 2 ser., I, 395].

Metje Gravenraet has been described, probably erroneously, as a Quakeress. The only
suggestion of it is that she and her husband, Anthony Jansen, received a Quaker into the
hospitality of their house in Bridge Street, though perhaps unaware of the man's religious
status, as will appear. She is recorded as a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. That
she was an estimable woman is suggested by the fact that her son Isaac, by her first
husband, had become a prominent man in New Amsterdam before her second marriage,
and had been made a schepen (magistrate) of the city of New Amsterdam, being one of
the last schepens under Dutch rule. He took the oath of fealty to the English Government
in 1664, and in 1673 the Dutch Governor, Colv , appointed him sheriff of
Swaenenburgh, Hurley, and Marbletown. [Manual of the Corporation of the City of New
York, 1852, p. 385.]

In addition to the land and house in Bridge Street bought in 1643, he secured a grant
from Director-General Kieft of some land on the Graft, Manhattan Island, at the corner
of Hoogh Street and "the Ditch" (now Broad Street). This lot was back of his house lot in
Bridge Street. He did not improve this land by building upon it or cultivating it, as the
terms of the grant required; so on September 16, 1647, it was patented to the prominent
shipping merchant, Govert Loockermans, who sold it, before 1654, to Jacob van
Couwenhoven, the brewer. This land is now the northwest corner of Broad and Stone
Streets, extending up Broad to Mill Lane, near Wall Street. Upon the diagonally opposite
southeast corner of Broad and Stone Streets in 1655 and thereafter stood the tavern of
Solomon La Chaire. This property that Anthony lost by failure to improve it, became,
after his death, worth far more than his Bridge Street house lot which anciently had a
pleasant outlook over the East River.

From the entries in the Dutch minutes of the court of the burgomasters and schepens of
New Amsterdam, for the period between 1653 and the time of Anthony's return to his
Bridge Street house on Manhattan Island about 1669, we present some extracts. It is
obvious from a study of Anthony's last seven years of residence in the Bridge Street
house that he retired in 1669 from agricultural pursuits, but that he still continued in
general trading, in money lending, and in conducting a tavern. Only brief extracts can be
given concerning some of his appearances in court between 1654 and 1669, for each of
which appearances he came to the city from Gravesend (translated from the Dutch):

CITY HALL, Monday, the First of June 1654. Anthony Jansen, mulattefarbig, pltf., vs.
William Strengwits, deft; for payment of two months' services at 120 lbs of tobacco per
month. Parties being heard on either side, it is decided that Will Strengwits shall pay
Anthony Jansen for the two months he served in the place of Willem Shepmoes. [Court
Minutes, I, 204.]

CITY HALL. Monday October 5, 1654. Anthony Jansen van Vaes, pltf. vs. Pieter
Caspersen van Naerden, deft. Pltf. demands payment of rent both for the present and for
the last year, announcing the seizure of the furniture as deft. intends to quit the house.
Deft. acknowledges the debt and requests delay. Parties being heard, the Burgomasters
and Schepens declared the arrest valid until deft. has paid the rent or satisfied the pltf.
[Ibid., I, 248.]

This action seems to refer to the house in Bridge Street, New Amsterdam, at a time when
its owner was residing near Gravesend.

TUESDAY, February 8, 1656. Extraordinary session. Jacon Teunissen pltf. vs. Anthony
Jansen van Salee, deft. Pltf. complains that deft. has caused his goods at Gravesend to be
arrested. Requests reason for arrest. Deft. acknowledges that he has arrested the goods
because the pltf. hired as his servant for one year and absconded from his service.
Antony Jansen says; After Jacob Teunissen had come to him and had hired with him
Antony, he said, he should first learn if he were free, and Jacob Teunissen thereupon
went to Gravesend and said he had settled with Lourens and was free, and that he
thereupon hired him for one year. Jacob Teunissen denies same. Deft. undertakes to
prove same, exhibiting (1) by declaration of William Wilkens that Jacob Teunissen has
said he was free of Lourens and may hire with any one; (2) by declaration of two
persons that Jacob acknowledged he had hired with Anthony as servant, but that he
should not remain as he got no earnest money, Whilst deft., offering to prove he had
hired him, the Court granted Anthony until the next court day to so prove. [Ibid., II, 37.]

MONDAY, March 13, 1656. And whereas the weather is bad and Antony Jansen cannot
well come [from Gravesend] he was still granted eight days. [Ibid., II, 61.]

MONDAY, March 20, 1656. Jacob Teunissen appears in court requesting despatch, as
Antony Jansen van Vaes has failed to this time to prove etc. according to previous order
of the court. The Court discharge Jacob Teunissen from the claim which Anthony Jansen
may make on this account, and declare the aforesaid arrest invalid. [Ibid., II, 169.]

This suit was followed on June 26, 1656, by another brought by Jacob Teunissen for
forty florins for ten weeks' work.
And whereas the court messenger declares he has summoned the deft. who has now
twice defaulted, he is condemned for his contempt, to deposit the demanded money
within eight days from date with the Secretary here. [Ibid., II, 124.]

Anthony sailed in his boat from Gravesend to New Amsterdam on Sunday, July 2, 1656,
and on the next day he appeared before the burgomasters and schepens of New

MONDAY, July 3, 1656. Jacob Teunissen, pltf, vs. Anthony Jansen van Zalee, deft.
Deft., having paid two defaults, says he did not hire pltf. either by day, week, or month,
but by the year, and if pltf. had put in his year, he should have paid him, but now that he
has absconded from his service, maintains that he owes him no hire.

The court minutes give no verdict in this case, which is of interest to us for the various
forms in which the defendant is designated in it. Four years elapsed before Anthony
Jansen van Salee was again in court. This time it was occasioned by his next-door
neighbor, in Bridge Street, New Amsterdam, though Anthony was then residing on Long
Island. During his absence on his Gravesend bouwery, one Hendrick Jansen, Smith,
encroached upon Anthony's house lot in Bridge Street, and with the hope of maintaining
his encroachment, October 26, 1660, began a suit against "Anthony Janzen van Salee,"
who was reported as too sick to come from Gravesend; so also on November 2, 1660,
when he is called Antony Janzen van Vaas. On January 18, 1661, he was again
summoned and again did not respond; whereupon the court declared "deft. Anthony
Janzen van Vaas does not belong to this jurisdiction. The Court order pltf. to arrest and
summon him when he comes here" [ibid., III, 249].

Although Anthony Jansen van Vaes (as he is more often called than Van Salee in the
New Amsterdam court records after 1655) did not honor either of the three summonses
of October 26, November 2, 1660, and January 18, 1661, served upon him at the
instance of Hendrick Jansen, Smith, he was not too indifferent soon to devise, with the
aid of his daughter Cornelia's husband, William Jansz van Borculo or Barckelloo, a
means of defeating this opponent who had appropriated a part of the land in Bridge
Street. The name "Hendrick Jansen, Smit," appears on the Innes map at page 80 of New
Amsterdam and Its People as the owner of the house lot on the northern side of
Anthony's house lot; hence the encroachment must have been on that side. Anthony
brought a counter suit against Hendrick Jansen:

[Minutes of the Court of the Burgomasters and Schepens of New Amsterdam, III, 289.
Translation]: TUESDAY May 3, 1661. Anthony Janzen van Vaas. pltf., vs. Hendrick
Janzen Smitt, deft. Pltf. exhibits an account for the sum of twenty-six guilders for costs
and loss of time caused to him by deft. Whereas the dispute between the parties consists
mainly about division of a lot, the case was therefore referred to Daniel van Donck and
Abraham Jansen, (* This man was not the "Abraham Jansen of Sylee, commonly called
Turk," a possible brother of Anthony Jansen from Salee, who died shortly prior to April
9, 1659.) carpenter, to discuss the matter in presence of the Surveyor and to reconcile
parties if possible; if not to render a report of their action to the Court.

[P. 321.] TUESDAY 21 June, 1661. Antony Janzen van Vaas, pltf. vs. Hendrick Janzen
Smith deft. Pltf. demands from deft. seventy seven guilders eleven stivers for costs of
unnecessary suit, according to account exhibited in Court. Deft. demands three feet of a
lot coming to him of the ground which he bought. Burgomasters and Schepens found that
Anthony Janzen's lot agrees with his ground brief and that Hendrick Janzen Smitt has
two feet and a half of ground more than his ground brief mentions, order Hendrick
Jansen Smitt to content himself with the aforesaid measurement and condemn him to pay
pltf. the sum of forty guilders, the further costs remaining at the charge of the pltf.

[P. 338.] TUESDAY 5th July, 1661. Willem Jansen van Borckelo, attorney of Anthony
Jansen van Vaes, requests execution on the judgment against Hendrick Jansen Smitt,
dated 21 June, 1661. The Worshipful Court order the Bailiff to execute these.

This Willem Jansen had come from Borculo in the county of Zutphen and province of
Gelderland in Holland as early as 1657, residing first at New Amsterdam; after his
marriage to Cornelia, daughter of Anthony Jansen van Salee and his wife Grietje
Reiniers, which occurred between that date and June 21, 1661, when he saved his new
father-in-law a day's trip from Gravesend to New Amsterdam by appearing in court for
him, he lived at Flatlands near Gravesend, Long Island, and at Gravesend. In 1664, he
purchased a farm at Gravesend near his father-in-law's. Soon after he appeared in court
for his father-in-law in July, 1661, he returned to Holland, but came back to New
Netherland in 1662. This may have been the honeymoon journey of himself and his wife
Cornelia, as their daughter, Jannetje, was old enough May 1, 1679, to marry Jan
Barentsen van Zutphen, of Flatlands and Gravesend.

Anthony Jansen van Salee's business affairs in New Amsterdam must have been many if
one may judge from the number of lawsuits in which he figured. Some of his civil suits
are unimportant, and are omitted; others give highly valuable evidence as to his character,
movements, and affairs:

[Court of the Burgomasters and Schepens of New Amsterdam, IV, 176, 177. Translated
extract]: TUESDAY, 9th Jan'y, 1663. Antony Janzen van Vaes, arrestant (* Arrestant.
This is an awkward word. It simply means that the plaintiff had sued out an attachment )
and pltf. vs. Evert Dirckzon, woodcutter, arrested and deft. Pltf. demands from deft.
twenty-eight guilders ten stivers arising from the purchase of an ox which his predecessor
had bought of the said Anthony. Deft. says he knows nothing of it; requests time that he
may pay. The Worshipful Court order the deft. to satisfy and pay the pltf. [This is the
last appearance in court of Anthony Jansen van Salee under Dutch rule; hence the
records thereafter are written in English.]

APRIL the 24th, 1666. In the difference between Anthony Jansen van Sale, pltf. and
Thomas Cocx, deft. for the balance of rent, the Worshipful Court appoint as arbitrators,
Mr. Samuel Edsal and Pieter Wolfertsen van Couwenhoven, to reconcile the parties,
[etc.]. [Ibid., V, 350.]

JUNE 30, 1668. John Marshal plt: vs Anthony Jansen, deft., in an accon of debt to the
summe of 225 plankes. This Worshipful Court did Decree that the deft. should make
payment of the sd Plankes within the space of Eight dayes with Costs of Court. [Ibid.,
VI, 137.]

JULY 7th. 1668. Anthony Janz, Plt. vs Robbert Joanes, Deft. The Plt. declareth that the
Deft. is Indebted unto him fl.(* Florins, which term superseded the Dutch "guilders"
under English rule. A florin was equal to forty cents.) 122: 14 in wampum for wch he
prayeth Condemnation with Cost. This Worshippll Court doe Condemne & order the
Deft. to make payment of the sd 122:14 wampum in 14 dayes time wth Cost of Sute.
[Ibid., VI, 139.]

JUNE 22d, 1669. Lambert van Neck vs Anthony Jansen. The Plt. demands the summe
of fl. 242:14 wampum. The deft. ownes the debt to the summe of fl. 233 as also the
surplus in case it be not discounted in the last acct The Worshipll Court did decree &
order (arrest) against the defendant, who is called the gearresteerde, translated by Fernow
as the party 'arrested.' " A. J. F. VAN LAER. that the defendt. should pay the sd. debt in
wampum within 14 days next ensuing or sooner in case the plt. should depart for holland
before the sd. time, and in the meane while the deft: is to give in security not to depart
this Towne before the debt be Satisfied together with Cost of suit. [Ibid., VI, 182.]

Thus in June, 1669, seventy-six days before Anthony conveyed, September 6, 1669, all
his real estate on Long Island to his son-in-law, Ferdinandus Jansen van Sichelen or
Sigelen (Van Sicklen), he was residing on that estate, as the record indicates that he was
present at New Amsterdam on June 22, 1669, on account of the suit; hence was ordered
not to leave that jurisdiction until the judgment was paid. All the time, however, since
1643, he had owned the house and lot in Bridge Street, New Amsterdam; and within a
few weeks after June 22, 1669, he entered into residence in that house and there resided
until his death in 1676. This removal, and the sale in September, 1669, mark the death of
his wife Grietje Reiniers, and the time of his second marriage to the widow, Metje
Gravenraet. Anthony's daughter, Cornelia, who had married between 1657 and 1660
Willem Jansen van Barkelo, also had died by 1666; hence her name was connected with
the petition of Anthony's three remaining children dated December 23, 1669, only as
having been the mother of her minor children in whose behalf the petition was also made.
Doubtless Anthony and Metje, being well-to-do and about seventy years old, preferred to
take their ease in the city to having the cares of the Long Island plantation.

Between June, 1669, and October, 1671, Anthony was the plaintiff in three suits at law,
and defendant in two. His house on the west side of Bridge Street, the third house from
the corner of the present Broad Street, is represented in a crude, imperfect drawing of
that part of New Amsterdam made in 1652 by Justus Danckers. This view, enlarged with
additions taken from the ancient Visscher Views, appears at page 104 of New
Amsterdam and Its People. The chief defect of the drawing is that it depicts the houses in
Bridge and other streets as being built together; whereas the land records prove that the
private houses were detached, each standing surrounded by its own open ground. The
drawing also shows the houses smaller than some of them must have been; especially
Anthony's house as it was in 1669, for he turned it into an inn and must have enlarged it
before 1669 for that purpose. The drawing, while not defining the street alignments
properly, does serve to indicate correctly by whom the houses were owned, and serves to
show them in true order as one passed up the shore of the East River, though for
convenience the original delineator crowded the houses together into a space much
shorter than they actually covered. In fact, Anthony's house lot, nineteen rods deep, is
crowded out.

The drawing now in the State Library, Albany, New York, from Montanus, "Nieuwe en
Onbeken de Weereld," reproduced on steel in The Documentary History of the State of
New York (IV, 76), more accurately portrays the same houses, facing the East River,
and in their more detached and extended settings. This view is the best of New
Amsterdam, 1650-60. In the center of this view are the three attached stone houses of
the West India Company, each of two stories with a high attic above. Between these
houses and the first tree to the right, is the Bridge Street house of Anthony Jansen van
Salee, the second tall house to the right, with other low houses in front of it. The
two-and-a-half-story house at the extreme right side of the picture is the City Tavern,
built about 1652, afterward used as the Stadt Huys, the City Hall, in which our Anthony
Jansen so many times appeared in litigation.

One of the financial transactions of Anthony Jansen van Salee is referred to on page 98
of liber 1-2 of the records of the Court of the Surrogate of the City of New York:

The Last Will & Testament of John Willson. . . . I give & bequeath unto Anthony
Jansen, Turk, all my Tooles wch is at present in the House of Henry Morris in New
Jersey, In consideration of a certain debt I owe to the said Anthony Jansen, as also what
ever I have at present in the House of Anthony Jansen, or elsewhere in America under
what Denomination soever, & all my Land scituate, lyeing & being in New Jersey
according to the records of the said Towne (namely Elizabeth Towne) Always Provided
That the said Anthony Jansen shall well and truly pay my just & due Debts. . . . Robert
Bone & Henry Morris of New Jersey Executors. 10th day of October Ano 1672. JOHN

[P. 99.] Letters of Administracon of ye Estate of ye abovewritten Jno. Willson granted to
Anthony Jansen Turk of this City as Principall Legatee. . . . Upon the Request of ye said
Anthony Jansen & to ye End the Estate bee the sooner & better secured both for the
benefitt of the Creditors & those concerned: These are to certify that the said Anthony
Jansen is admitted as Principal Legatee of the whole estate of the said John Willson
deceased. . . . And the said Anthony Jansen hath hereby full power & lawful Authority to
enter into possession of the Premises; or otherwise to dispose thereof with the Advice &
Consent of the said Executors or Trustees according to the tenor of the said will as an
Heire or Principall Legatee by the Civill Law & the Lawes of this Governmt are allowed
to doe. Given &c: this 15th day of Octobr 1672.

While Anthony Jansen's real estate was no longer extensive in area or large in value, he
was included among the wealthy men to be assessed in the 1674 tax list of New
Amsterdam. The entry in that list reads "Anthony Jansen Van Sal 1000." This was a tax
on 1000 guilders in real estate, the same amount as assessed upon the property of Bay
Roosevelt and upon the Dutch burghers whose descendants have since come to possess
great fortunes in New York. Anthony's descendants did not inherit and hold his land in
New York, but the descendants of his next-door neighbor, Hendrick Hendricksen Kip,
did, with results in increased value, in time, that would amaze that founder could he but
see the figures. While the Dutch were holding the city as New Orange, he figured in
several court actions of unusual interest:

[Minutes of the Court of the Burgomasters and Schepens of New Orange, VII, 43]:
COURT HOLDEN AT CITY OF N. ORANGE; 17th Jany Aø 1674. Schout [Sheriff] A.
De Mill, pltf., vs Anthony Jansen Salee, deft. Pltf. says that the deft. sold four mutejens
of drink to the Indian, who was lately shot by the sentry, and as he is the cause of the
consequent accident etc. Defts. wife appears and denies that she gave any drink to the
Indian, and offers to confirm the same by oath. The Worshipful Court dismiss the pltf's
complaint unless he can prove his statement.

Three to four months later occurred the attempt to prosecute Anthony Jansen for giving
shelter for a night to a Quaker. This was preceded by a singular incident, of which but a
fragment now remains of the original record. It is reproduced at page 331 of Volume
XXIII, Part II, of the Calendar of Historical Manuscripts in the Office of the Secretary of
State (now in the State Library at Albany):

April 16, 1674. Fragment of an affidavit setting forth that Samuel Forman of Oyster Bay
came to the city where he lodged at the house of Anthony Jansen from Salee, and, by
inspiration of Christ Jesus, intended to repair to the church during divine service and
exclaim: "O cry wath shall I cry, all flesh is grass, grass is the flower of the field, the
flower falls and the grass withers, but the word of God Obeids forever."

Two weeks later came the formal charge by the sheriff:
[Minutes of the Court of the Burgomasters and Schepens of New Orange, VII, 82]:
1674. Schout de Mill pltf. vs. Anthony Jansen Sale, deft. Pltf. makes his charge in
writing. Deft.'s wife appears and says that the Quaker was brought at Nine o'Clock in the
evening to her house by Margriet Philips' daughter who told her at the same time that the
Schout was already notified of the said Quaker etc. Deft. is ordered to prove her
statement at the next Courte day.

[P. 82.] CITY HALL OF CITY OF N. ORANGE 22nd May Aø 1674. Schout De Mill,
pltf. vs. Anthony Jansen Sallee, deft. Pltf. says that in the night between the 28th and
29th of April the deft. suffered an Englishman, named Edward Bambri, dwelling at
Martenaer's Neck to sleep (at his house) which is directly contrary to the Placard of the
Honble Governr General enacted on that subject: therefore he concludes that the deft.
ought pursuant to the said Placard be condemned to a find of fl. 600(*) with costs.

The Worshipful Court, having heard pltf's demand asked the defendant if she could,
pursuant to the order of the last Court day, prove, that when Margt Philips daughter
brought the Englishman to her house, the said daughter stated, the said Englishman was
already returned to the Schout etc. Deft replies that she has no other proof than her
husband and child. The Worshipful Court having heard the denial of Margt Philips and
her said daughter hold the case in deliberation until the next Court day. Meanwhile their
worships shall further examine the Placard.

Anthony Jansen was alert over the possible results of the denial of the Philips woman, so,
quitting the defensive attitude, he took aggressive and determined action, viz.:

Anthony Jansen Salee pltf. vs. Margriet Philips deft. Pltf. says that the defts. daughter
brought an Englishman to lodge at his house, saying that the Schout was already notified
about him, but such not being the case (as to such notification), the Schout now proceeds
against him. Deft. denies it and says she never saw the Englishman before, but that he
came to her house and requested a night's lodging, whereupon through charity she gave
him one English and one Holland shilling and sent him with her daughter to the pltfs. to
find out where the said Englishman could lodge for money--but never ordered her
daughter to say so--who being called in denies having told the pltf. so. The Court
postpones the case until the next court day. [Ibid., VII, 84, 85.]

Hall of the City of N. Orange the 29th May Aø, 1674. Present Capt. Willem Knyff,
Anthony De Mill, Schout; gidius Luyck, Johannes van Brugh, Johannes de Peyster,
Burgomasters; Jeronimus Ebbingh, Jacob Kipp, Lowrens v: Spiegel, Guilaine Verplanck,

Schout Anthony de Mill, pltf. vs Anthony Jansen van Salee, deft. Pltf. says that the deft.
furnished lodging in the night between the 28th and 29th April to an Englishman named
Edward Bambri, residing at Martenaer's Neck, which is directly contrary to the Placard
made on that subject: he concludes, therefore, that the deft. shall be condemned
according to said Placard to a fine of fl. 600 in beavers with cost. Burgomasters and
Schepens having heard defts. excuse condemn him (for reasons) only in a fine of one
beaver with costs . . . June 19, 1674. The Schout demands execution of judgment on
Antony Jansen van Sale, of twelve florins in all [$5.75].

This affair having occurred while Holland and England were at war, and while the Dutch
were holding New Netherland by force of arms against the English, the placard was
posted to prevent the lodging within the city of any Englishman from without, until
previous notice had been given to the sheriff, regardless of the visitor's religion or
business. The fine of six hundred florins' worth of beaver skins was very heavy, but
being mitigated to one skin, it became merely a nominal judgment of a few shillings' value
with costs of court.

Two valuable records illuminating two periods of the ownership and occupancy of that
property while Anthony Jansen was residing on Long Island have been found, which
indicate that Anthony was on friendly terms with the Kips, though not with Hendrick
Jansen Smit, viz.:

[Registry of Deeds, City of New York, Liber A, 85, 86, translation from the Dutch
original. Abstract]: We the undersigned Schepens of the City Amsterdam in New
Netherland do hereby declare that before us came and appeared Anthony Jansen van
Vaes at present residing on Long Island who declares to cede and to convey to and for
the behoof of Isaac Kip, a certain portion of his lot situate within this City in the rear or
to the South of Jacob Kip's house between the lots of Hendrick Jansen Smith and Jacob
Kip's lying in the rear of the appraiser's lot where formerly a part, or an oblique strip of
about 3 or 4 feet was taken off on which one end of Isack Kip's house stands in
compensation or payment for which so much is again taken and given to him Anthony
Jansen by Hendrick Kip senior. . . . In witness whereof these presents are signed by the
Cedant and the Worspll Schepens Jacob Strycker and Will Beeckman this 21st novr.
1656 at Amsterdam in New Netherland.

This is the mark of ANTHONY JANSEN VAN VAES X made by himself. To my

That deed is indexed "Anthony Jansen van Fez." Although he purchased this house and
lot in 1644, he did not reside in it with his family before 1669, save for the period of his
lease to Edmund Adley of his bouwery on Long Island--September 6, 1646, to
September 6, 1651. But he seems to have used a room in the house whenever he came
from Long Island to remain over night in New Amsterdam. His situation as to this house
between 1651 and 1669 is interestingly defined in two of the leases he made of the

[CITY CLERK, CITY OF NEW YORK. Powers of Attorney, Acknowledgments,
Indentures of Apprentices, Inventories, etc. Translated abstract]: 1655. May 26, Antony
Jansz Van Vaes rents to Claes Tysen, cooper, part of a house and lot in New
Amsterdam, on the East River, between Handrick Kip's and Hendrick Jansz's, namely,
the front part of the house and half of the loft, with the place and lot belonging to the
house. Said lease to continue one year, at an annual rent of 140 Carolus guilders, or so
much longer as lessor and lessee shall agree upon. Witnesses, ISACK KIP, CORNELIS

[CITY CLERK, CITY OF NEW YORK. Translation of Register of Walewyn van der
Veen Notary Public of New Amsterdam 1662-1664, p. 68]: This day, the 30 March
1663, before me Walewyn van der Veen, Notary Public, admitted by the Right Honble
Director General and Council, residing at Amsterdam in New Netherland, and before the
undernamed witnesses, appeared the worthy Anthony Jansen van Fes, called van Salee,
to me the Notary known, who declared to have leased, as he hereby doth, his house and
lot standing and situate in the New Bridge Street, between the houses of Hendrick Kip
and Hendrick Jansen Smit, to Egbert Meyndersen who also appeared and accepted the
said lease, and that for the term of two consecutive and following years, beginning the
first of May 1663, and ending on the same date 1665, for which lease the tenant shall be
bound to cover the said house with good tiles at his own expense, to wit:

He shall defray the expense of the tiles and back thereunto required together with the
labor-wages, on condition that the tenant shall, over and above his occupation, receive
from the lessor thereto, in January of the coming year 1664, one hundred and sixty-two
guilders, ten stivers, payable in wampum or corn in the value thereof, and fifteen vuyren
plank; further, the wood work and dependencies with the builder's wages belonging to the
frame of said roof shall be at the expense of the lessor.

It is therefore conditioned that the lessor shall enjoy at his convenience in said house a
suitable sleeping place, and may store therein one or two Chests; all which aforesaid the
appearers promise each for himself punctually to perform and observe under bond of
their respective persons and properties, submitting the same to all courts and judges.
Thus done and executed at the city aforesaid, in the presence of Resolvit Waldron and
Jacobus van de Water, witnesses hereunto invited who have subscribed these presents
with the appearances and me the Notary on the date as above:

This is the mark made by the own hand of ANTHONI JANSEN VAN FES.
12 June 1663 gave engrossed copy hereof to Anthony Jansen.

In 1671 while Anthony Jansen van Salee was residing in Bridge Street, New York City,
the town of Gravesend again encroached upon the property that formerly was his, and
which was held by Francois de Bruijne. Whereupon on December 5, 1671, De Bruijne
petitioned the Executive Council of the Province of New York for relief. [Executive
Council Minutes, I, 114.] Victor Hugo Paltsits, when State Historian of New York,
arranged and edited the executive council minutes, and he informed us, on December 10,
1924, that among the papers in the case of Francois de Bruijne v. the town of Gravesend
on December 5, 1671, which he examined was one bearing the testimony of Anthony
Jansen van Salee, who had been summoned because of his being an aged and worthy
man esteemed for his knowledge of the old boundaries of land on Long Island.

These papers [says Dr. Paltsits] were destroyed in the fire of 1911 in the State Library;
but I recall that Anthony Jansen van Salee was described in them as a man highly
esteemed for his knowledge of land bounds, and that his evidence was accepted as
important and trustworthy.

On the map of Manhattan of 1639, entitled De Manatus op de Noort Rivier, now owned
by the Italian Government, and preserved in the Villa Castello near Florence, Italy, is
seen, among the names of the landowners in that year, the name "22 Bou van Antoni du
Turck"--Bouwery of Antoni the Turck, marked on the map by the number 22. This map,
being of the entire island with large sections of New Jersey and Long Island included,
gives no details of that bouwery, other than showing, by the number 22, its approximate
location among the eleven bouwerys then extant on the island. The Iconography of
Manhattan Island (by I. N. Phelps Stokes, in five volumes), the most exhaustive,
elaborate, and remarkable work ever prepared upon the subject of the land of any
American city, and, perhaps of any city in the world, refers to this map of 1639 and to
"22 Bou van Antoni du Turck," viz.:

The farm of Anthony Jansen, of Salee or Fez (Fees or Vees) in Morocco, called, on
account of his having embraced (*This is inaccurate. He did not embrace
Mohammedanism. It embraced him--in his youth. He had no choice in the matter when
young. He threw off all influence of it after coming to America, and became a Christian
and an estimable and honorable burgher of Manhattan.) Mohammedanism, "the Turck."
He is mentioned as early as April 29, 1638. The position of this number [22] on the
Maps seems to correspond with the early transport to Van Fees (date unknown) of land
which was regranted to Govert Loockermans, September 15, 1646--Liber G.G.: 158
(Albany). This land lay on the east side of the Ditch (Broad Street), and extended from
the present Stone to South William Street.

Anthony Jansen owned, also, at this time another farm on Manhattan Island, bounded
westerly by Hendrick Jansen, tailor, and easterly by Philip de Truy. This upper farm he
deeded, on May 7, 1639, to Barent Dircksen. . . . This plantation was afterwards granted
to the provincial secretary, Cornelis van Tienhoven. . . . It lay north of Maiden Lane and
east of Broadway.

The Iconography of Manhattan Island (II, 382) in the citation of the Dutch land grants
gives further and more minute particulars about the house and land in Bridge Street, New
Amsterdam, that Anthony Jansen van Salee bought in 1644, and which he held at his
death in 1676, and on which he had resided continuously since 1669. In view of the truly
wonderful bird's-eye view of the streets, houses, and gardens of New Amsterdam in
1660, shown in the great drawing made for The Iconography of Manhattan Island, which
drawing depicts the house and garden of Anthony Jansen, we quote the description of
that house lot (II, 382):

The Dutch Grants, Block E, Lot 13. 1644. May 24. deed. Abraham Jacobsen Van
Steenwyck to Anthony Jansen Van Fees; lot containing 17 rods, 6 feet, 2 inches 5 grains,
being the most westerly part of the lot of Abraham Jacobsen, where the lot of Hendrick
Kip lies westward of it, extending in breadth in front of the house of Anthony Jansen, 2
rods, 3 feet and 7 inches; on the east side its length is 9 rods, 5 inches; its breadth for the
length of 1 rod and 7 feet, measured on the West side, is 2 rods, 3 feet and 7 inches; for
the length of 5 rods, 2 rods 4 feet and 4 inches; for the same length being an inward point
(angle), 1 rod, 3 feet, 7 inches; for the length of 3 rods (being the North end of the lot of
Anthony Jansen aforesaid) 1 rod 3 feet 7 inches, 5 grains, amounting in all to the
aforesaid 17 rods 6 feet 2 inches, 5 grains--[pepper corns].

So far as is determinable, Anthony Jansen van Salee passed his last days at his home in
Bridge Street, the third house southward from the Graft, now Broad Street, facing the
East River. His widow was residing therein ten years after his death. About seven months
after he passed away his property was taxed:

An assesmt and Tax made The 10th Day of November 1676 for ye defrayinge of the
Charges of the New docke & Payinge the Citty debts and other Publique dutyes att One
penny halfe Penny P Pounde . . . 150--Anthony Jans Turke--00-18s-09d [Minutes of the
Common Council of the City of New York, I, 29.]

That is next to the last record of Anthony. The next tax list preserved was taken sixteen
months and some days after his death, but his name occurs in it in connection with some
real estate in the Marckveldt (now Whitehall Street) or between that street and Winkle
Street (closed up in 1680); in the same list his widow's real estate, very near by at the
foot of Broadway, is also named. The land taxed was a part of his intestate estate in July,
1677, when his estate was being settled in the Surrogate's Court. The house occupied by
the English Governor of the province of New York was close to the house that Anthony's
widow owned both before and after he married her; the Governor's house and lot were
taxed only two and a half times the widow's tax.

CITY OF N. YORK. A Rate of taxacon made this 24th Day of July 1677 by ye Mayor
and Aldermen upon houses and Vacant Lands within this Citty for ye Defraying and
discharging ye Citty Debts and expenses to be payd as followeth Vizt: The one Moety or
halfe thereof Imediately and ye other 25th of 7ber next ffollowing. . . . The Markett Feild
& Broadway: Mattie Greverart, 0-4s-0d. Governor Lovelace -0-10-0. Paulus ye Turk
-0-6-0 . . . The Marvelt Street & Winkle Street: Anthony Jonson -0-8-0. [Ibid., I, 52, 53,

The death of Anthony Jansen van Salee and van Vaes in March, 1676, and the
disposition of his estate to his widow, instead of to his children, are known from other

to Nov. 1677, pp. 80-82]: Citty of Newe Yorke. The Cort of Record of the Citty
aforesaid holden att the Citty Hall within the Said Citty the XXVI dayth day of
September 1676 Before (etc.) . . .
To the Worppll ye Mayr and Aldrmen--. The humble Peticon of Thomas Southward
Wm Johnson John Emans & ffardingando Van Stickland (all who) Entermarried with
Annica Cornelia Sara and Eva--Daughters & heirs unto Anthony Johnson late of this
Citty who dyed intestate about Six months Since--

Sheweth--That Metia Graverod Widdow unto ye intestate hath not brought into this
Court a true Inventerie of his Estate--Therefore Prays yt the sd Metie Graverod may be
Compelled by this Worshippfull Cort to there to p'duce an Inventorie according to Law &
yt yor Peticoners may have their Equall shares & Portions of the said Intestate's Estate.
And they Shall pray &c.

[New York City--Surrogate. Liber 1-2, p. 158]: Administration granted to Mtti
Grevenraet, of her husband's Estate. EDMUND ANDROS ESQR [Governor]
Whereas Anthony Jansen of this Citty dyed Intestate and Metti Grevenraet, his Widow &
Relict haveing in order to her takeing out Lettrs. of Administracon Exhibited an Inventory
of her sd husband's estate into ye Mayors Cort of this Citty, & likewise produced a
Contract made between her sd husband, & her before Marriage, that ye longest liver of
them should remaine in the ffull possession of the whole Estate during the Survivor's life,
the proofe whereof was allowed of by the Cort & Recomended to me for Lettrs of
Administracon: These prsents may Certify and declare that the sd. Metti is admitted &
confirmed to all intents and purposes, Administratrix of her sd husband's Estate, & She
hath hereby full Power & Authority to act in ye prmises, as Administrator by ye Lawes
of this Governmt are to do, She giveing Security to pforme the Contract, accordingly.
Given under my Seale ye March 25th 1677.

The inventory of the estate was filed with the court, but was not recorded. The filed
papers in this court of the surrogate were removed to Albany when the seat of
government was removed. Having failed to find the inventory there, it is possible that it
was burned in the State Library fire of 1911 when two hundred thousand printed
volumes and thousands of ancient manuscripts were destroyed, perhaps as the result of a
lighted cigarette's being thrown into a waste paper basket. Among the burned manuscripts
was the petition of December 23, 1669, of Anthony's living daughters and heirs for the
conservation of the estate of their deceased mother, Grietje (Reiniers) Jansen, together
with the evidences of such agreement as was reached between them and their father. The
ultimate recipient of the Bridge Street house and land that Anthony Jansen van Salee left
to his wife is not clear. She as his widow was residing there in 1686, but did not bequeath
the property by will or convey it by any deed now of record. It may have gone to one of
her own children by her first husband, as none of the children of Anthony appear in any
connection with it after his death.

In the list of church members in New Amsterdam for 1686, when the Rev. Henry Selyns
was pastor of the Dutch Reformed Church, we find: "Brug Straat. Metje Grevenraedt,
weduwe van Anthony Jansen." [New York Historical Society Collections, 2 ser., I, 359.]
Her neighbors in that short street were the Kips, Van Cortlandts, Van Vorsts, Gerretsens,
and a few others.

"He is said to have been a man of prodigious strength," says Thompson on page 171 of
Volume II of The History of Long Island. The Early Settlers of North America (Holgate,
p. 23) in referring to the Jansens-Johnsons of Gravesend and Brooklyn, states: "This
family has been distinguished for extraordinary strength. Antonie himself, the ancestor of
the family, was a man of great vigor." Earlier than either of these publications appear the
results of an interview, prior to 1845, with General Jeremiah Johnson of Brooklyn (born
in 1766) by Nathaniel S. Prime, who related the same on page 361 of his History of Long
Island, published in 1845. On page 360 Prime alludes to "the prodigious stature and
strength" of Anthony Jansen van Salee, and on the next page adds:

The reputed stature and strength of this individual may not be without foundation, and is
rendered probable, by the occasional reappearance of the same peculiarities in the line of
his posterity. His [great-great] grandson, William Jansen, (* William Jansen, born July 4,
1718, son of Barent Jansen, the eldest son of Jan Barentse van Zutphen, who married
Jannetje daughter of William Jansen van Borckelo. The latter's first wife was Cornelia,
daughter of Anthony Jansen van Salee. ) of Gravesend, is known to have been six feet
four inches in height; and on one occasion, to give a specimen of his strength, he carried
ten bushels of wheat from his barn to the house, and up the chamber stairs. Gen.
Johnson says that, when in his youth he visited his great-uncle at Gravesend, he inquired
into the truth of the statement, and the manner of performing the act; to which the old
gentleman replied: "I took one bag on each shoulder, one in each hand, and one in my
teeth"; and then opening the chamber door, he showed the staircase which he ascended,
and the place where he deposited his load. He died in the early part of the present
century, being above eighty years of age. Another descendant of Antonie Jansen, by the
name of Ruleph Vanbrunt, in New Utrecht, being attacked, in the time of the last war
[1812] by two workmen whom he caught stealing melons in his field, seized one in each
hand, and holding them at arm's length, pummeled their heads and bodies together, till,
being let go, they were glad to run away, without making any further aggression. The
mother of this Vanbrunt, a granddaughter [? great-great-granddaughter] of Antonie
Jansen, is now [1845] living at Yellow Hook, in New Utrecht, at the advanced age of
ninety-five years. . . . The descendants of this family [Jan Barentse van Driest [Zutphen]
whose children took the same surname (Jansen-Johnson) as his wife, Jannetje Jansen van
Barkelo, granddaughter of Anthony Jansen van Salee], now invariably write their name
Johnson, which although differing in orthography, varies very little from the Dutch
pronunciation of the original name. . . .

The same physical prowess, courage, and longevity will be found characterizing the
personalities of other and later descendants of Anthony Jansen van Salee. Today none of
them own any of the property that was his in Broadway, New York, unless they are
stockholders in the National Park Bank that stands upon the northwestern (Broadway
and Ann Street) corner of what was Anthony's bouwery in 1639, or upon that bouwery's
southwest (Broadway and Maiden Lane) corner held by the Title Guarantee & Trust
Company, or in the Federal Reserve Bank, at Maiden Lane and Nassau Street.

Anthony Jansen, having died on the island of Manhattan, may be supposed to have been
buried in the graveyard that occupied the present site of numbers 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, and
39 Broadway on the western side of that street. His first wife, Grietje Reiniers, died
when they were living near Gravesend, and so she may have been buried there, even if
he was not. A record of the death of Metje Grevenraet has not been uncovered; nor has
a record of what she did with the real estate she received from Anthony at his death been
found. The sumptuous five-volume Iconography of Manhattan Island, by I. N. Phelps
Stokes (II, 261) states as to Metje: "his widow was living with his two sons, Jeremias and
Abraham in New Amsterdam on the 'Brug Straet' as late as 1686." It is true that persons
of those names were then living in that street; but by no possibility could either this
Jeremias Jansen and this Abraham Jansen have been sons of Anthony Jansen van Salee.
The latter had been living for twenty years in America when Abraham Jansen came from
"Zuydtland" in Brielle, South Holland, and married on August 10, 1659, Trintje Kip of
Bridge Street. This marriage caused this man to reside near or on the property of his
wife's relatives, the Kips, in 1686. As to Jeremias Jansen, he was an adult defendant in
the court of New Amsterdam on March 22, 1661. [Records of New Amsterdam, III,
253.] There is no evidence that he ever lived on Long Island or was in any way
connected with Anthony Jansen van Salee or either of the latter's two wives. In fact in
the office of the City Clerk of New York, in Volume II of Minutes of the Orphans'
Court, under date of November 26, 1660, is written--"Jeremias Janzen is authorized to
inventory the estate of his father Jan Jans Hagenaer," and under "April 14, 1661,
Jeremias Jansen Hagenaer is 22 years old." The author of the Iconography was misled by
the fact that these two Jansens were residing in Bridge Street in 1686 at the same time as
Anthony's widow was residing in the third house on the west side of that street from
Broad Street. She did not marry Anthony until nine years after these two men appear in
the records as adults. Nor did either of these men reside in her house in 1686; nor did
they inherit that property. Jeremias is then recorded as living in a house by himself; while
Abraham lived in a part of a larger house shared by his wife's relative, Abraham Kip.
[Collections of New York Historical Society, 2d ser., I, 395.]

The Iconography is not a genealogy and does not attempt to delve into early family
history. It treats of real estate and who owned it, and gives some details about the
owners. It adds (II, 261), when mentioning the land between Bridge and Stone Streets
owned by Anthony Jansen van Salee, that he was "A Hollander whose father, possibly in
the course of commercial ventures to the Barbary States, is said to have embraced the
tenets of Islam."

In the Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York, 1863, at page 484, occurs a
facsimile of the bold characters with which Anthony Jansen signed important documents.
The representation is given under the heading: "Fac-Similes of the original Autographs of
Burgomasters, Schepens, and many other distinguished individuals of this City,"
viz.--"Anthony Jansen Van Fes, 1663."

From:  The Washington Ancestry and Records of the McClain, Johnson and Forty Other
Colonial American Families, by Charles Arthur Hoppin, Greenfield, Ohio: Privately
Printed 1932.