As I have related before,  doing genealogical research is like doing detective work.  
There are always surprises, with the information sometimes leading to places you
don't expect.  The ancestors of Angeline Hubbard are such a case.  This is a most
interesting branch of the family.

There is a lineage that I have run across on a number of different web sites that joins
our family lineage with Sarah Schenk (1720 – 1792), who married Abraham Emans in
Gravesend, New York.  Her family line goes back to a succession of marriages that
first center on Amsterdam and Oland Island, Sweden and then back beyond that into
Danish, Swedish, Russian and Byzantine royalty.  The Wyckoff family were grain
traders on the Baltic with headquarters in both Amsterdam and Sweden.  For several
generations they were born in Sweden but kept residences also in Amsterdam.  They
were respected international truders and married dutch wives who were from the
families of prosperous Dutch traders.  There is a historical background to this.  These
traders were a part of a move away from an earlier commercial empire called the
Hanseatic League which had held a monopoly on the Baltic trade for many years.  
Eventually this monopoly was broken and individual families took over specific trade
routes.   Our ancestors were a part of this shift away from the Hanseatic monopoly.  
There is a great deal of disagreement about the reliability of this lineage before
aproximately 1450.  Some commentators claim that the information (which I have
included in this book with a caution that it is somewhat suspect) preceding 1450 may
have been 'contrived' by a professional genealogist in the 1920's to satisfy the desire
of certain newly wealthy American families to be able to claim connection back to
European royalty.  I have no way to judge this.  It is interesting enough for me that the
information from 1450 onwards seems to be better documented and reliable.  That is
still 550 years of history.    

Other branches of our family going back from our ancestor, Sarah Schenk include a
number of families who can be traced back to a relatively small area in northern
France and Belgium which at one time was controlled by the Spanish.  The families
center in the cities of Lille, Valenciennes and Antwerp.  All of these families migrated
at roughly the same time to Amsterdam, stay there for a period of time and then
immigrate to the Americas.  The timing of these moves leads me to believe these
families were all Hugonauts, protestants practicing their faith in a predominantly
Catholic region.  I have included some background documentation on the hugonauts
in this chapter, although there also appear to be Hugonauts in other branches of the
family as well.  These would include Rene Julian, Piere Garard and Francis Xavier

If we look back at the chart of Angeline Hubbard we next note a most interesting line
that begins with a  dutchman named Jan Janszen Van Haarlem (1575 – 1641).  Here
we are on firmer ground as far as a reliable lineage goes.  This one is quite well
documented by various professionals and quite colorful.  Jan Janszen had a long and
adventurous life that has left numerous documents for us to refer to.  In short, he left
Holland and a young family and traveled to the Mediteranean where he became over
time engaged with the Sally Corsairs, a loosely organized band of European and Arab
pirates who preyed on European shipping.  Jan Janszen eventually became the first
leader of a Pirate republic centered on the city of Sale, in Morocco and served as the
Admiral of the Sultan of Morocco's fleet.  After a long and remarkable career he was
appointed to the governorship of the Castle of Maladia in Safi, Morocco where we
loose touch with him as an old man in 1641.  He is reported to have converted to
Islam and taken the name Murad Reis and married a muslim woman who was either  
of Spanish Moorish aristocratic lineage (members of the ruling families of the muslim
kingdoms of mideval Spain) or a daughter of the Sultan of Morocco.  It is also
possible he married two women after he abandoned his first wife and children in
Holland, one of Moorish descent who lived in Cartagena, Spain and later on a
concubine of the Sultan of Morrocco.  By one of these woman (if there were two
wives) he fathered two sons, the older of whom was named Anthony Jansen van
Salee.  Anthony emigrated to New Amsterdam with a new wife (a fiesty bar maid
from Amsterdam) very early on in the history of european settlement of North
America.  He came to New Amsterdam as a muslim and there is no evidence that he
ever renounced that faith.  Once in New Amsterdam Anthony lead a colorful life, often
in dispute with the government and with his neighbors for various reasons.  This is all
in the earliest public records of what is now New York City and I have included a
selection of these documents for you to review.  I also had a friend who is a lawyer
read through the documents and produce a summary of Anthony's legal tangles.  You
will find that later in this chapter.

Anthony fathered several children and our lineage runs through his daughter Sara, who
married a prominent local English settler with the surname Emans.  The Emans family
were fairly prominent land owners in what is now the Bourough of Brooklyn in New
York City.  Three genrations later an Emans daughter married into the Hubbard famiy.  
This Hubbard line of the family can be traced back to a man named Henry Hubbard
who lived and died in England.  His grandson,  James Hubbard, came to the colonies
and is documented to be living in Massachusetts in the 1640's.  He later moved to
Gravesend, New Amsterdam with a group of Anabaptist believers following a noble
woman from England named Lady Moody.  You will find a lengthy article later in this
chapter discussing the history of James Hubbard.  The Hubbards migrated from the
New York area two generations later on and are documented to pass through Guilford
County, North Carolina and Lancaster County, Pennsylvania before settling in Warren
County, Ohio.  Warren County is adjacent to Hamilton County of which Cincinatti is the
main city.  Most branches of the family settled in this general area in the early 1800's
prior to migrating on to the newly opened frontier lands in Henry County, Indiana.  
Samuel Wilkinson married Angeline Hubbard in the Cincinatti area and kept a farm in
Colerain Township, Hamilton County, Ohio until 1860, when they followed several of
Samuel's brothers to Henry County and inexpensive farm land.

I have in my possession only a few photographs of Samuel and Angeline.  In the
photos Angeline shows the marks of a frontier wife who bore 11 children and helped
run a successful farm.  Hers was a long and noteworthy life.  But looking at the elderly
Angeline staring out at us from these photos who could have guessed there were
Pirate kings and wealthy Swedish traders and possibly royalty lurking in her ancestoral
The Hubbard Family
In the center of this group photograph sits Angelina Hubbard
Wilkinson.  Angelina passed away in 1907 and writing on the
back references both of James Wilkinson's children with
Minnie William Wilkinson, so this must be from 1906 or 1907.  
James is standing on the far right of the photo.
Jim Wilkinson