Cloud Database - Page 1
(1) Reduced copy of a report 'Genealogy of the Luce Family' 1955 – 1956, by Edith Voyles.
This report was found by Leda Jane Kern in 2006 after the passing of Mary Love Cloud. The
report made it possible to use the Internet to greatly expand our knowledge of this family line.
One key piece of information found in the report was the names of Mary Luce's parents and
grandparents. This has led to a most interesting line of ancestors which I am still investigating
which ties our family into several important royal lines of descent in Europe.
(2) Information found on the Internet documenting John Luce and Elizabeth Hays. This
information took our knowledge of the Luce family in America back to a man named Henry
Luce, born in 1640 in England, who immigrated to America and died on Martha's Vinyard,
(3) Information found on the Internet about Reverend John Gerard and his family. Included
with this is a lengthy extract from an article describing the early history of the settlement of
Miami County, Ohio which includes mention of several of John Gerard's children.
REVEREND JOHN GERARD AND HIS CHILDREN
Thanks to Robert and Carolyn Gerard Authors of
Garard/Garrard/Gerard/Gerrard/Girard Descendants of Rev. John, Elias &
William the following is available:
The following excerpts from various works are included so the reader may
decide when John Garard first settled in the part of Frederick County, Virginia
that became Berkeley County in 1772 and where he came from.
The records of the Mill Creek Primitive Baptist Church of Berkeley County,
Virginia are in the possession of the Virginia Baptist Historical Society whose
records are kept at the University of Richmond, Richmond Virginia. Among the
papers is a suggested inscription for a marker at Gerrardstown, as follows:
MILL CREEK CHURCH - 1743
Here is the site of the first Baptist Church planted between the Potomac and the
James Rivers. It was organized in 1743 by Edward Hayes, Thomas Yates, and
Company from Sater's Church in Maryland. John Garard, for whom the town was
Named, was its pastor from 1755 to 1787.
HOPEWELL FRIEND'S HISTORY, 1734-1934 states that, "On this tract of land
stood the Mill Creek Baptist Church, the first of that denomination in the
Shenandoah Valley, and probably the first in Virginia. It stood in what is now the
village of Gerrardstown and was organized about the year 1743. Soon thereafter
the Rev. Henry Loveall became its pastor. Other leaders soon succeeded him,
notably Elder John Gerrard, in or about 1753."
James B. Taylor's BAPTIST VIRGINIA MINISTERS says that John Garrard
migrated from the state of Pennsylvania, to the county of Berkeley Virginia in
1754. That part of the country was sparsely inhabited and subject to the assaults
of the Indians. Having been frequently annoyed by them, most of the church, with
Mr. Gerrard, removed below the Blue Ridge and settled in Loudon County, a part
of Fairfax until 1757. During his stay there he was instrumental in the conversion
of many sinners. Another church was constituted and was called Kentockton. John
Garrard returned to Berkeley County and continued to serve the Mill Creek
Church until his death.
THE BAPTISTS OF VIRGINIA 1699-1926 by Garnett Ryland, 1955, states that
in 1743 Edward Hayes and Thomas Yates from Chestnut Ridge in Maryland
settled on Mill Creek, which was then Frederick County. Henry Loveall, their
minister, followed them. He organized the Mill Creek Church, sometimes called
the Opekon, as Mill Creek was a tributary of the Opequon Creek. When Loveall
left them the people requested the Philadelphia Association to assist them. Four
men were sent to evaluate the church at Opekon or Mill Creek and at Ketocton,
which had been constituted in 1751. Samuel Heaton became the first pastor of the
Mill Creek Church in 1752 but gave up the pastorate before 1754 was over and
moved to Konolowa. To succeed him the Philadelphia Association in 1755
authorized the ordination of John Garrard at Mill Creek. Garrard, who had come
from Pennsylvania, was pastor for thirty-two years until his death in 1787.
Gardiner's CHRONICLES OF OLD BERKELEY states that a Baptist minister by
the name of Mr. Stearns in the company of a number of others, removed from
New England. They first stopped at the Opequon in Berkeley County Virginia
where a Baptist Church was formed under the care of Rev. John Gerrard. This
was most likely the first Baptist church founded west of the Blue Ridge.
The HISTORY OF BERKELEY COUNTY says that a Baptist Meeting House
near the Opequon Creek was erected in 1754 through the efforts of Rev. John
Gerard who came from New Jersey.
J.E. Norris' HISTORY OF THE LOWER SHENANDOAH VALLEY says,
among the earliest settlers of this region at the time of the organization of
Frederick County were a colony of Baptists, consisting of fifteen families, that
came from New Jersey in 1742 and settled in the vicinity of where Gerrardstown
was later built. Rev John Gerrard formed the first Baptist organization in the
valley and the society shortly afterward built their first church. It is stated in
Cartmell's SHENANDOAH VALLEY PIONEERS AND THEIR
DESCENDANTS that the Baptist appeared with the formation of Frederick
County in 1743 and then they came with a large "immigrant train" from New
Jersey and settled at the point of Gerrardstown when the Rev. John Gerrard
The first land records that place John in what was to become Berkeley County,
Virginia was in the year 1762. He received two land grants from Lord Fairfax
south of the present Gerrardstown: 227 acres dated 11 Dec 1762 and 251 acres
dated 29 Aug 1766. Ninety acres, excluding one acre for the Baptist Meeting
House, which adjoined the two original tracts was purchased 28 May 1770,
Frederick Co. VA Deed Book 3, p.478, 481. The one-acre tract was deeded to
the Baptist Congregation the same day. Another tract of 235 acres on the drains of
Middle and Tuscarora Creeks was purchased 12 May 1769, Frederick Co. VA
Deed Book 13, p.40. John and his wife, Mehetable, sold this tract 19 Apr 1774.
They sold 150 acres of the 1766 grant to their son David 4 Apr 1769, Berkeley
Co. Deed Book 3, p.88. and the 90 acre tract to David in 1779, Deed Book 5,
John's first wife, Mehetable, died sometime after 18 May 1779 when she and
John sold 90 acres to their son, David. To date no one has been able to prove
Mehetable's surname, although several assumptions have been made. By 1781
John had remarried to Mary Gray and their first child was born 31 Jan 1782.
Rev. John furnished wheat for the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War and
he is listed as a Patriot. He left a will that was written 19 Aug 1787 and recorded
18 Sep 1787 in Berkeley Co. Will Book 1, p.460. The will names his wife, Mary,
his children, the children of his daughter Mehetable and Isaac Gerrard, the son of
THE BERKELEY JOURNAL - HISTORY OF GERRARDSTOWN, Issue
Fifteen, 1991, Don Wood, researcher.
From the Tenmile County and its pioneer families-A Genealogical History of the
Upper Monongahela Valley by Howard L. Leckey:
THE GARARD FAMILY
The History of Berkeley County, Virginia, tells of the founding of Gerrardstown
on land owned by Rev. John Gerrard. This was the ancestor of the Garard Family
of Big Whiteley Creek; the name having changed spelling to the generally
accepted form now used by most branches of the family. Rev. John Gerrard was
born about 1720, and died in Berkeley County, Virginia, where on August 19,
1787, he made a will, which was proven there on September 18, 1787, so it is
evident that he died between the two dates in 1787. Records show that he was
twice married, the first wife being Mehetable .......; the second, who with John
Gray were executors appointed in his will, was Mary, said to have been a sister
of John Gray. The first wife died about 1778-79. At least three children. Who
were minors at the time of Rev. John Gerrard's death, were of the second
marriage. (Berkeley County Will Book 1. pp. 460)
From Volume two of the book:
MEMOIRS OF THE MIAMI VALLEY
Published in 1920
Pages 495 - 511
- Forward - The Boundaries of Miami County - The County Seat -
- The Miami County Courthouse War - Early Transportation -
- The Miami Canal - County Schools - Eary Banking -
- Journalism - Physicians - Dental Associaton -
- Miami County Bar Association -
This being a history, or as the title suggests, the Memoirs of Miami valley, it will
not be the province of this work to review those infinite details of each county,
which have been so faithfully depicted in the past. Rather, it is a purpose to treat
the Miami valley as a whole, with such variations as will be found necessary to
preserve those vital or epochal events of each county.
Thus, the great conservancy work will be treated as a whole as will also the
Symmes purchase and other events. So, the work is intended primarily as a
comprehensive history of the Miami valley in all of its important phases, with a
broader and we might say a more sympathetic insight into the modern phases of
each county embraced in this work.
Very properly the history of Miami county must begin with the Indian occupancy.
It is true, the Mound Builders antedated this period. This period, however, has
been the subject for numerous researches by archeologist, historian and student
and is familiar to almost every school child and taught as a part of school
curriculum. The monuments left by those pre-historic people is the best assurance
of the interest of future generations.
The great Algonquin tribe, occupied this part of Ohio when the first white man
penetrated into its fastness. The Algonquins were a powerful confederacy and
held absolute sway over this dominion. They had successfully contested all
attempts to dislodge them, frequently measuring their strength with the powerful
The Algonquins were composed of a number of tribal units, apparently, however,
without many distinctive differences. The French first applied the name Miamis
to the Indians living in and around what is now Miami county; by others they
were called the Twi gtwees; the provincial council of Penn, referring to them as
The history subsequent to the early incursion of the whites finds their allegiance
divided between the French and the English. The same lack of common interest
being found here as with other tribes throughout the country; the Miamis were
allied with the French and a number of the other tribes in this vicinity were allied
with the English. The English together with the Cherokees, Delawares and other
tribes were victorious in one of their many clashes with the French and their
Indian allies, including the Miamis; subsequently, the Miamis being continuously
harassed by the English, removed to the Maumee river and left this territory to the
Shawanoes, a nomadic tribe, who came originally from the South, in all
probability from the vicinity of Florida.
There had been sporadic attempts at settlements by the whites in this region; as
far back as 1749, the French and English beginning that long drawn out contest for
supremacy, which only ended with the fall of Quebec. One Christopher Grist,
who was an English agent for the Ohio Trading company who visited this part of
the valley, found the Indians on terms of amity with the white adventurers as late
as 1750. He referred to their villages as 50 miles up the Miami and states their
number to have been at least 200. It is asserted and claimed with some degree of
validity that some of these villages were near the present site of Piqua.
As far back as 1849 the French controlled the trade of this country and claimed
possession by right of settlement. The French Governor of Canada, Grallisonier,
caused lead plates, engraved with the claims of the French government, to be
placed at the mouth of rivers running into the Ohio. One of these plates dated
August 16th, 1749, was found near the mouth of the Muskingum. However, this
attempt at possession was abortive, as the French claims were in constant dispute
by the English. There was desultory fighting between the English and French for
permanent possessi on and when the keystone of the situation, Quebec, passed
into the hands of the English, the English claims were largely secured.
The French had built a line of fortifications from the Ohio toward the Great
Lakes; and about 1749 the English had established a trading center at the mouth of
Loramies creek. This so-called intrusion of the English, impelled the French to
demand of the Twigtwees the surrender of the trading house to them. Their refusal
to do so, resulted in the seizure of this place by the French and their Indian allies;
the Indian defenders being killed or driven away and the English traders were
carried to Canada as prisoners.
In October, 1753, the Twigtwees, Shawanoes and other tribes in this vicinity sent
representatives to meet the commissions of Pennsylvania. This meeting was held
at Carlisle and a treaty was concluded. Benjamin Franklin was one of the
commissioners. in the summer of 1780 General George Clarke, after a prolonged
contest with the savages, destroyed all the Piqua towns on Mad river, laid waste
their cultivated lands and destroyed the last vestige of their possessions. The
Shawanoes, humiliated by this defeat, moved to the Great Miami. Here they built
a new settlement and largely turned to hunting for their subsistence. Two years
later, recovering from their chastisement, they engaged in a series of raids into
Kentucky, killing all whites whom they encountered. They committed many
terrible outrages and swooped down on all unprotected settlements, killing
This condition called for reprisals and General Clarke in 1782 raised an army of
1,000 Kentuckians. The well known fighting ability of these famous frontiersmen
earned for them the name "Long Knives." They were fearless and their life in the
wilderness had inured them to its hardships. The Indians had great respect for the
fighting qualities of these men and often when the Indian scouts reported the
"Long Knives" coming, the Indians fled into the wilderness without any combat.
Clarke and his "Long Knives" crossed into the Ohio, at what is now Cincinnati,
and began their march into the interior fastness. Scouts were sent in. advance and
the command soon reached the vicinity of Dayton. They then marched up the great
Miami and crossed the river about four miles below the Piqua towns.
A pow-wow was about to be held in the Piqua Towns. Braves with their squaws,
were flocking in from all parts of the territory. Amoung these was a party on
horseback, attended by their squaws. In this party was a white-squaw, a Mrs.
McFall, whom the Indians had captured in a raid into Kentucky. This party had
emerged from the forest when they came into full view of General Clarks ruggad
army of "Long Knifes." Taken by surprise and terror stricken they fled, leaving
their squaws and Mrs McFall, the white woman, in the hands of General Clark.
When Clark and his men reached the Piqua towns he found them deserted, the
entire Indian population having fled at first alarm.
During the following night, Indians lurking in the surrounding bushes fired on the
outposts. The whole army was aroused and hurling themselves into the bush and
woods, they fires indiscriminatly into the darkness. The next morning five Indians
were found dead. During this skrimish several horsed had strayed away. Captain
McCracken and another were detailed in search of them. The Indians fired at
them, mortally wounding both. Captain McCracken lingered, until the command
reached Cincinnati on its return trip, where he died and was buried. Among those
who settled in Miami county, who engaged in the activities of this
enterprise,were Abrahamm Thomas and Captain Barbee, the latter of Barbee, the
latter of whom became ajudge of this county.
The spirit of the Indians was at this time completely broken. Clarke had laid
waste the towns, destroyed their crops and other substance. They were now
reduced to absolute want and had been thoroughly cowed in this engagement.
On January 31, 1786, a meeting was held at the mouth of the Great Miami.
General Clarke, Richard Butler and Samuel H. Parsons, Commissioners, met the
Delawares, Wyandottes, and Shawanoes. At this meeting some of the Indians
were still disposed to treachery and some of them were prepared to defy Clarke
and his associates.
The stern demeanor of Clarke, his uncompromising attitude, and his utter
fearlessness, thoroughly cowed the Indians. Clarke abruptly accepted the mandate
of one of the chiefs who seeking to bluff Clarke, gave him the alternative of war
or peace, dictated by the Indians. Clarke instantly hurled defiance at the
assembled Indians, choosing war if he could not have peace on his own terms.
The Indians finally acquiesced and the terms of peace were arranged. This signal
victory of Clarke and his associates again endeared himself to the pioneers of this
territory, who idealized him as much as the Indians feared him.
The last great campaign against the Indians, which initiated the subsequent
security from their attacks, was the Wayne expedition, headed by the intrepid
Mad Mad Anthony Wayne. After a bloody contest at Fallen Timbers, the Treaty
of Greenville was accomplished in 1795, which ceded all the lands held by the
Indians in what is now Miami county. A mounument commemorating this event
was erected at the foot of the Maumee Rapids. This is a great limestock rock
carved with the prints of many turkey feet. When Me-sa-sa or Turkey Foot, the
English equivalent who was the Indian chief in the fight at Fallen Timbers, saw
his braves deserting him he leaped with desperation on a rock at this spot. With
all of his Indian eloquency and fired with desperation, he exposed himself to the
enemy and harangued his warriors, but they fled in a panic of fear. Brave
Me-sa-sa was struck by a bullet and died heroically on this spot. To preserve the
memory of this brave Indian the turkey feet were carved in this stone and for
many years the remaining Indians made Pilgrimages to it, leaving offerings to the
spirit of Me-sa-sa. It has been the object of interest to tourists and sightseers from
many sections of the country.
By treaty and voluntary relinquishment, the Indian title passed out between 1784
and 1794, and the latter date found the Indian menace reduced to a minimum. The
signing of the Treaty following the Wayne expedition gave impetus to the new
settlement of this region. The next event of importance, the John Cleves Symmes
purchase, might be said to mark the beginning of the real settlement of the Miami
valley. The territory had assumed a definite position and titles could be made
secure. The vanguard of the great army of pioneers now began to pour over the
Alleghenies. The Symmes purchase is treated elsewhere in this work.
Settlements were made in the vicinity and on the site of the present city of Dayton,
by General Dayton and others and the drift began northward. Among the first to
reach the present limits of Miami county were Samuel Morrison, David H.
Morris and others. They located near the mouth of Honey creek and in the spring
of 1791 established a permanent settlement. A short time later the boundaries of
the town christened Livingston were defined. The same year Jonathan Rollins,
Samuel Hillard, John Gerard, Shadrach Hudson, Daniel Cox, Thomas Rich and
others entered Miami county.
In the spring of 1798 John Knoop, Benjamin Knoop, Henry Gerard, Benjamin
Hamlet, John Tilden and Daniel and Christopher Knoop located near the present
village of Staunton. In the spring of 1799 we find that John Gerard, Uriah Blue,
Joseph Cole, Abram Hathaway, Nathaniel Gerard and Abner Gerard joined the
little colony at this place. The settlers were from various parts of the country and
although they filtered in slowly at first, Miami county soon drew a generous share
of the sturdy pioneers. They came from New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Virginia;
from the Carolinas and Georgia and among the early settlers was a general
sprinkling of Yankees. There was a pronounced Scotch-Irish strain in this
vanguard of civilization, especially in the contingent from the Carolinas.
The land was heavily wooded with a touch of prairie appearing here and there.
The sound of a woodsman's ax resounded throughout the valley and log cabins
began to appear as if by magic. The valley soon became dotted with these
primitive dweilings of the pioneers and the great tide of settlement had begun.
As the settlers gathered into communities and established definite settlements, the
necessity for gristmills and sawmills became apparent. This was the next step in
the march of progress, and by 1807 there were six mills in operation in this
county, as follows: Mordecai Mendenball's on Honey creek; Henry Gerard's on
Spring creek; John Freeman's and John Manning's on the Miami river; Moses
Coate's on Ludlow creek; Mast's, Weddle's and Empire's on Stillwater.
A great deal of trading at this early time was in the nature of exchange. Money
was rarely seen at that time and values were largely standardized on a trading
basis. Periodical trips were made to Cincinnati which was generally a community
affair. A tr ip of this kind was an event of great importance, goods needed at the
settlement were listed, the wagon was provisioned and articles that might be
traded, such as were produced at that time, were sent to Cincinnati on these trips
to be traded for the necessities of the settlements.
Up to and including the year of 1807, we find the following settlers of Miami
county living here at that time: On the east side of the river, south, were Samuel
Morrison; David H. Morris; William and Mordecai Mendenhall; Robert
Crawford; John H. and Cunningham Crawford; William Ellis; Benjamin Lee;
Daniel Agnebrood; Christian and Daniel Lefevre; John Andrew; Step hen,
Benjamin, William and Andrew Dye, jr.; John, Christian and Benjamin Knoop;
Cornelius Westfall; Fielding Lowry; Thomas Sayres; Peter Felix; John Gerard;
Simon Laudry; Uriah Blue; Barnabus and James Blue; Jonathan Rollins; Shadrach
Hudson; John, Samuel and Lewis Winans; Abner, Henry and Nathaniel Gerard;
Richard Winnans; John Orbison; Joseph, Charles and Samuel Hillard; Benjamin
Hamlet; William Knight; John and Joseph Webb; David and John Knight; Richard
Palmer; John Wallace; William Brown; Joseph Coe; Stephen Winnans; Abraham
Hathaway; William Carter; Bennett Langley; Caleb Hathaway; William and
James 1. McKinney; John and Jacob Mann; Lewis and Obadiah Winters; Philip
Sailor; George Williams; Jacob Sailor; Chris Prillman; John Batterall; Peter H
armon, John Flyn; James McCampbell; Ralph French; Samuel James andi Louis
On the west side of the Miami, to the north we have John Johnston, who was
Indian agent; Frank and James Johnston; Benjamin Leavel; Hugh Scott; Mr.
Hendershot; Armstrong Brandon; John and Enos Manning; Alexander Ewing;
Joseph McCool; Mathew Caldwell; the Statler family; the Beedles; James
Brown; William Mitchell; Alexander McCullough; Robert Mackey; William
Barbee, sr., father of Judge Barbee; James Orr; Reuben Shackelford; Aaron
Tullis and his sons, John, Aaron, William, David, Joel, John T. and Stephen;
Henry and Peter Kerns; Samuel Kyle; Thomas and Samuel Kyle, jr.; William
Adams, Abraham Thomas; Robert McGimsey; William, Adam and Samuel
Thomas; William Gahagan; John Peck; John Orbison; James Knight; Jesse
Gerard; George Kerr; James Yourt; George F. Tennery; Joseph Layton; Frederic
Yourt; Jesse Jenkins; Andrew Thomson; Amos and David Jenkins, and David
Jenkins, Esq.; Samuel Freeman and his sons, Samuel Daniel, John, Noah and
Shylock; Samuel and Enoch Pearson; Peter Oliver and his sons, William and
Thomas; Arthur Stewart; Andrew Wallace; James Yourt; William Brown;
Thomas Williams; Joseph Fumas; Joseph Evans; John Mote; Jonathan Mote;
Benjamin Pearson; Robert and Joseph McCool; William, Thomas and John
Coppock; Samuel, Jesse, John and Moses Coates; Thomas Hill and his sons
Nathan and John; Michael and George Williams; William Long; Robert Leavel;
Samuel Jones; Jacob Ember; Jonathan Mills; David Patty; Abiather Davis; Caleb
Neal; John Mart; James Nayton; Samu el Davis; Jonathan Jones; Samuel Teague;
Samuel Peirce, and Robert McConnell.
In 1868 we find the following living, enumerated above: Christian Lefevre, Eliza
Webb, John Webb, John T. Tullis, Samuel Thomas, Robert McCool, Samuel
Coates, David Patty, Samuel Davis, Jonathan Jones, and Robert McConnell.
8 - HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, OHIO.
Almost every conceivable industry has at some time been carried on within the
limits of the township. Hole's and Sugar Creeks have afforded employment for no
less than seven saw-mills, five flouring-mills, one cotton factory, one fulling-mill
and one oil-mill. Besides this water-power machinery, there have been in use at
different times, two horse-power carding machines and three steam saw-mills.
One of the first men identified with the manufacturing interests of this township
was Isaac Harrison, who came to Ohio in 1802, and settled twelve miles above
Cincinnati. By trade, he was a carder and fuller. and. removing to Washington
Township in 1808, he purchased land on Hole's Creek, near Woodburn. upon
which there was a saw mill in operation. This mill he continued to run until he
enlisted in the war of 1812. After returning from. the war, he, in 1813 or 1814,
converted his sawmill into a carding and fulling mill. This was the second mill of
the kind in the county, and was operated by Mr. Harrison until 1833, when it was
abandoned, and a stone factory, for the manufacture of cloth, stocking yarn, etc.,
took its place. This factory Mr. Harrison continued to operate until his death in
December, 1842. and then the property fell into the hands of his son William, by
whom the business was prosecuted two years longer. when it was suspended.
Probably the most extensive and at the same time the least profitable business
ever carried on in the township was the manufacture of woolen, cotton. hemp and
linen goods by the " Farmers' and Mechanics' Manufacturing Company, of
Centerville, Montgomery Co.. Ohio." Excessive length of title must have been
fatal to the company. for, although it is believed that the firms who leased the
company's property all made money. the venture was a decided financial failure
to the company itself, some members of which lost $20,000 before the factory
In October, 1815, a meeting of the respectable gentlemen of the county was called
at the house of John Archer. Centerville. to discuss the feasibility of establishing
a woolen and cotton factory on Hole's Creek. Books for stock subscription were
opened immediately after the meeting. and. January 24. 1816. the trustees met at
the same place to elect a superintendent and let contracts for building the factory,
digging the race. making the dam and for millwright work.
It was not the design of the company to run the factory themselves, but to lease it
to reliable manufacturing firms or men. The first lessees were Isaac Hodgson &
Co., and they commenced operations some time in 1817. Another leasee was
Michael Canady. who held the property for several years.
The following is believed to be a complete list of the stockholders: John Archer,
James S. Blair. William Blair, John Bailey. Jacob Benner, Abraham Buckles,
Aaron Baker, James Chatham. Abner Crane, Thomas Clawson, John Gephart,
Abner Girard, John Harris, Amos Irvin, William Irvin, William Long. William
Luce, Edmund Munger. Richard Mason. Benjamin Maltbie. Thomas Newton,
Aaron Nutt, Sr., George Nultz, William Newman, James Russell, Thomas Rue,
Peter Sunderland, Henry Stansell, William Stephen, Robert Scott, John Taylor,
Asher Tibbals, Samuel Wilson. John Whitsell, Jonathan Watkins, Jacob Yazel,